The Multicolour Rosa Peace Hybrid Tea Rose

Rosa Peace Flower - Credits: Manuelmanteiga
Rosa Peace Flower - Credits: Manuelmanteiga

Rosa Peace Hybrid Tea Rose is another historical variety of this wonderful shrub. And it is indeed a historical variety for three very well documented reasons:

  1. It is the first Rose of Tea Hybrids that has shown vigor in growth and high resistance to diseases
  2. It is the first rose that made the same blossom characteristically different in color during its development
  3. It is a rose variety that developedin the years of honorable for the Homo sapiens Second World War of Each Other Extinction

It is not surprising, therefore, that at this moment there is more than fifty million Peace Roses on the planet, nor is it wondering exactly what Darwin’s inspiration was for the formulation of his well-known theory.

One of the most popular rose varieties in the world remains the ‘multicolour‘ Rosa Peace.

Rosa Peace (syn. 'Madame A. Meilland') Shrub in Blooming
Rosa Peace (syn. 'Madame A. Meilland') Shrub in Blooming

Rosa Peace - General Information

The course of the creation of the Rosa Peace or ‘Madame A. Meilland’ variety, along with its essential features and some concise identifications, are given below.

Facts in Short

Scientific Name: Rosa ‘Madame A. Meilland’

Synonyms: Rosa ‘Peace’, Rosa ‘Gloria Dei’, Rosa ‘Gioia’

Common Names: Rose Peace, Peace Rose, Gloria Dei Rose, ‘Madame A. Meilland’ Rose

Horticultural Group: Hybrid Tea Roses

Plant Breeder: Francis Meilland, France 1939

Awards: AARS Gold Medal 1945, RHS Award of Garden Merit 1993

Breeding & Features

The Rosa Peace Tea Hybrid is a tetraploid variety (2n = 18) that arose after a long trial and experimentation by Francis Meilland and his colleagues between 1935 and 1939. Botanically, it is the result of the synergy of five varieties attributed with the so simple name ((George Dickson x Souvenir de Claudius Pernet) x (Joanna Hill x Charles P. Kilham)) x Margaret McGredy – i.e. Rosa ‘Madame A. Meilland’.

It is a woody deciduous perennial shrub of medium growth, robust and extremely durable. The dominant decorative element of the plant is the colorful yellow, creamy, pink roses that appear during its repeated and long-lasting flowering – flowering beginning at the end of spring and ending mid-late autumn.

In terms of size, the height of the plant reaches 1.2 to 2 m (4-6 ft) while its diameter varies between 0.9 and 1.3 m (3-4.2 ft). It has a hemispherical shape, an upright appearance and a dense and symmetrical canopy with rather irregular outline. It is characterized as a rough texture, while the dense foliage gives to the Rosa Peace a compact appearance.

Its life span is over 25 years.

The Multicolour Rosa Peace Hybrid Tea Rose

USES IN BRIEF

This Rose variety is suitable for:

  • Specimen
  • Mass plantings
  • Informalhedges
  • Urbanplantings
  • Pots & containers
  • Cut Flowers
The Mature Flowers of Peace Rose (syn. 'Madame A. Meilland')
The Mature Flowers of Peace Rose (syn. 'Madame A. Meilland')

Rosa Peace - Description

Rosa Peace Hybrid Tea Rose is a multi-brunched shrub with medium thorny stems. Its glossy leaves are composite, consisting of 5 to 7 leaflets, oval in shape and serrated, whith nice deep green color.

Roses are formed at the edge of their annual shoots, one per stem. They are fragrant, numbered, double, and very large in width with a diameter of 15 to 16 cm (6- 6.2 in). They consist of 26 to 45 petals of velvety texture and yellow, creamy and pink in color.

The color of the rose is influenced by three factors:

  1. The growth stage of the rose flower
  2. The temperature of the area where it is planted
  3. The exposure

These three factors generally affect the coloring of most roses. But because we are referring to the Rose Peace, we will look at the effect they only exert on its own color – after making a little deviation by saying a few things about the fragrance.

Virtual Perfume

We plant the video here thinking it will flood the article perfume.
Woman in the orchard with lettuce
Kalliergeia
Editorial Team
Rosa Peace Flower - Credits: Manuelmanteiga
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The Fragrance of Rosa Peace

Rosa Peace has mild to strong aroma. As experts say – and we have no reason to query them – it has a certain sweetness and is slightly fruity. The same experts claim that those who enjoy the most of their aroma are the morning guys – these mysteries that wake up just before dawn.

The editorial team of ‘Kalliergeia’ includes – unfortunately – such a mysterious guy. So this guy assures that the best time to someone enjoy the fragrance of Rosa Peace is the dawn, from fully opened flowers, at a temperature close to 21 °C (69.8 °F), and after the previous night has taken care to water the plant.

We have – unfortunately – no reason to query him.

The Color

As mentioned above, the first factor affecting the color of the flowers in Rosa Peace is the flower growth stage.

When the bud emerges, the colors have the maximum intensity and the predominant color is the orangish pink magenta. Just before the flower opens completely, the intensity subsides and the color becomes yellow. From then on, the colors progressively appear in a pale yellow on most of the petals and in a pale pink on their periphery, until at the end, the whole flower gets very light creamy and pink hues.

For the second factor that affects the color of flowers, the temperature generally applies that as lower these are – always within the limits of growth of the plant – as the colors take the darkest hues.

The third factor, the plant’s exposure, is also related to the climate: indeed, while in the colder areas of the temperate zone Rosa Peace must be planted only in sunny places so roses have the typical colors for the variety, on the other hand as warmer is the climate, the more slightly shade planting sites should be preferred.

The Multicolour Rosa Peace Hybrid Tea Rose

('Madame A. Meilland') Rosa Peace in Garden
('Madame A. Meilland') Rosa Peace in Garden
Rosa Peace (syn. 'Madame A. Meilland') Flowering in Garden
Rosa Peace (syn. 'Madame A. Meilland') Flowering in Garden

Rosa Peace - Environment of Establishment

Generally, it could be said that Rosa Peace is vulnerable to the cold as well as the spring frosts. The minimum temperature limit where plant can be safely planted ranges from -23 to -26 °C (−15 to −10 °F – USDA Hardiness zone 5b).

In relation to the soil, the Rosa Peace is recommended to be planted in fertile and rich in organic matter loamy soils, which additionally have excellent drainage.

With respect to the soil pH, the appropriate range is relatively large, ranging between 5.5 and 7.8. However, it thrives on soils that have a slightly acidic reaction, ie at pH values ranging from 6 to 6.5.

The Multicolour Rosa Peace Hybrid Tea Rose

RELATED POSTS

Rosa Peace - Care

The care of the plant includes Irrigation, Fertilization, Pruning and the necessary Plant Protection. For all this, the vast, patient reader of ‘Kalliergeia’ will find answers by clicking on the following electronically demonic links:

The Multicolour Rosa Peace Hybrid Tea Rose

Rosa Peace - Uses

Rosa Peace offers for many decades a lot in the gardening and landscape architecture. And it really offers, because it has an excellent aroma, repeated blooming and still vigor and high resistance to rose diseases as a plant.

Thus, it could generally be said that Rosa Peace:

  • It is cultivated for its flower, which as a cut flower can last in the vases from about 5 to 8 days
  • It is used in the garden planted in groups of at least three plants
  • It is used in the garden in combination with other plants such as Geranium pratense‘Mrs Kendall Clark’ (Meadow Cranesbill), Agastache ‘Kudos Ambrosia’ (Hummingbird Mint), Thymus serpyllum (Breckland thyme) and Erigeron karvinskianus (Latin American fleabane)
  • It can be planted as a hedge plant
  • Finally, it is possible to plant it in large-sized pots and full-sun exposures

Sections

Rosa Peace (syn. 'Madame A. Meilland') Flower and a Bee
Rosa Peace (syn. 'Madame A. Meilland') Flower and a Bee

References

The References to the manifestly anti-war article titled The Multicolour Rosa Peace Hybrid Tea Rose are presented alongside by the Pearl Jam, submitting their own version of Bob Dylan ‘s Masters of War song.

  1. Csapody, V., & Tóth, I. (1982). A Colour Atlas of Flowering Trees and Shrubs. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó.
  2. Meilland, A., & Lambert, G. (1984). Meilland, a Life in Roses. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press.
  3. Taylor, J. M. (2014). Visions of Loveliness: Great Flower Breeders of the Past. Swallow Press.

With Pomp and Circumstance

VIDEO

Bob Dylan’s Pearl Jam at ‘Masters of War’ is greatly devoted to the everywhere and everyday ‘Monsters of War’.

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