The Multicolour Rosa Peace Hybrid Tea Rose

Rosa Peace Flower - Credits: Manuelmanteiga
Rosa Peace Flower - Credits: Manuelmanteiga

The Rosa Peace Hybrid Tea Rose is another historical variety of this wonderful shrub. And it is indeed a historical variety for three very well documented reasons:

  1. It is the first Rose of Tea Hybrids that has shown vigor in growth and high resistance to diseases
  2. It is the first rose that made the same blossom characteristically different in color during its development
  3. It is a rose variety that developed in the years of honorable for the Homo sapiens Second World War of Each Other Extinction

It is not surprising, therefore, that at this moment there is more than fifty million Peace Roses on the planet, nor is it wondering exactly what Darwin’s inspiration was for the formulation of his well-known theory.

CONTENTS

Rosa Peace (syn. 'Madame A. Meilland') Shrub in Blooming
Rosa Peace (syn. 'Madame A. Meilland') Shrub in Blooming

Rosa Peace - General Information

Scientific name: Rosa ‘Madame A. Meilland’

Synonyms: Rosa ‘Peace’, Rosa ‘Gloria Dei’, Rosa ‘Gioia’

Common names: Rose Peace, Peace Rose, Gloria Dei Rose, ‘Madame A. Meilland’ Rose

Plant breeder: Francis Meilland, France 1939

Awards: AARS Gold Medal 1945, RHS Award of Garden Merit 1993

The Rosa Peace Tea Hybrid is a tetraploid variety (2n = 18) that arose after a long trial and experimentation by Francis Meilland and his colleagues between 1935 and 1939. Botanically, it is the result of the synergy of five varieties attributed with the so simple name ((George Dickson x Souvenir de Claudius Pernet) x (Joanna Hill x Charles P. Kilham)) x Margaret McGredy – i.e. Rosa ‘Madame A. Meilland’.

It is a woody deciduous perennial shrub of medium growth, robust and extremely durable. The dominant decorative element of the plant is the colorful yellow, creamy, pink roses that appear during its repeated and long-lasting flowering – flowering beginning at the end of spring and ending mid-late autumn.

In terms of size, the height of the plant reaches 1.2 to 2 m (4-6 ft) while its diameter varies between 0.9 and 1.3 m (3-4.2 ft). It has a hemispherical shape, an upright appearance and a dense and symmetrical canopy with rather irregular outline. It is characterized as a rough texture, while the dense foliage gives to the Rosa Peace  a compact appearance.

Its life span is over 25 years.

Rosa Peace - Description

Rosa Peace Hybrid Tea Rose is a multi-brunched shrub with medium thorny stems. Its glossy leaves are composite, consisting of 5 to 7 leaflets, oval in shape and serrated, whith nice deep green color.

Roses are formed at the edge of their annual shoots, one per stem. They are fragrant, numbered, double, and very large in width with a diameter of 15 to 16 cm (6- 6.2 in). They consist of 26 to 45 petals of velvety texture and yellow, creamy and pink in color.

The color of the rose is influenced by three factors:

  1. The growth stage of the rose flower
  2. The temperature of the area where it is planted
  3. The exposure

These three factors generally affect the coloring of most roses. But because we are referring to the Rosa Peace, we will look at the effect they only exert on its own color – after making a little deviation by saying a few things about the fragrance.

We Plant the Video Here Thinking it Will Flood the Article Perfume

Rosa Peace - The Fragrance

Rosa Peace has mild to strong aroma. As experts say – and we have no reason to query them – it has a certain sweetness and is slightly fruity. The same experts claim that those who enjoy the most of their aroma are the morning guys – these mysteries that wake up just before dawn.

The editorial team of ‘Kalliergeia’ includes – unfortunately – such a mysterious guy. So this guy assures that the best time to someone enjoy the fragrance of Rosa Peace is the dawn, from fully opened flowers, at a temperature close to 21 °C (69.8 °F), and after the previous night has taken care to water the plant.

We have – unfortunately – no reason to query him.

Rosa Peace - The Color

As mentioned above, the first factor affecting the color of the flowers in Rosa Peace is the flower growth stage.

When the bud emerges, the colors have the maximum intensity and the predominant color is the orangish pink magenta. Just before the flower opens completely, the intensity subsides and the color becomes yellow. From then on, the colors progressively appear in a pale yellow on most of the petals and in a pale pink on their periphery, until at the end, the whole flower gets very light creamy and pink hues.

For the second factor that affects the color of flowers, the temperature generally applies that as lower these are – always within the limits of growth of the plant – as the colors take the darkest hues.

The third factor, the plant’s exposure, is also related to the climate: indeed, while in the colder areas of the temperate zone Rosa Peace must be planted only in sunny places so roses have the typical colors for the variety, on the other hand as warmer is the climate, the more slightly shade planting sites should be preferred.

Rosa Peace - Planting

Generally, it could be said that Rosa Peace is vulnerable to the cold as well as the spring frosts. The minimum temperature limit where plant can be safely planted ranges from -23 to -26 °C (−15 to −10 °F – USDA Hardiness zone 5b).

In relation to the soil, the Rosa Peace is recommended to be planted in fertile and rich in organic matter loamy soils, which additionally have excellent drainage.

With respect to the soil pH, the appropriate range is relatively large, ranging between 5.5 and 7.8. However, it thrives on soils that have a slightly acidic reaction, ie at pH values ranging from 6 to 6.5.

Rosa Peace - Care

The care of the plant includes Irrigation, Fertilization, Pruning and the necessary Plant Protection. For all this, the vast, patient reader of ‘Kalliergeia’ will find answers by clicking on the following electronically demonic links:

Rosa Peace - Uses

Rosa Peace offers for many decades a lot in the gardening and landscape architecture. And it really offers, because it has an excellent aroma, repeated blooming and still vigor and high resistance to rose diseases as a plant.

Thus, it could generally be said that Rosa Peace:

  • It is cultivated for its flower, which as a cut flower can last in the vases from about 5 to 8 days
  • It is used in the garden planted in groups of at least three plants
  • It is used in the garden in combination with other plants such as Geranium pratense ‘Mrs Kendall Clark’ (Meadow Cranesbill), Agastache ‘Kudos Ambrosia’ (Hummingbird Mint), Thymus serpyllum (Breckland thyme) and Erigeron karvinskianus (Latin American fleabane)
  • It can be planted as a hedge plant
  • Finally, it is possible to plant it in large-sized pots and full-sun exposures

SHARING

The use of the material, where third-party rights are not mentioned, is absolutely free. Its sharing, possibly, useful.

USES

This Rose variety is suitable for:

  • Specimen
  • Mass plantings
  • Informal hedges
  • Urban plantings
  • Pots & containers
  • Cut Flowers
Rosa Peace (syn. 'Madame A. Meilland') Mature Flower
Rosa Peace (syn. 'Madame A. Meilland') Mature Flower
('Madame A. Meilland') Rosa Peace in Garden
Rosa Peace (syn. 'Madame A. Meilland') in Garden
Rosa Peace (syn. 'Madame A. Meilland') Flowering in Garden
Rosa Peace (syn. 'Madame A. Meilland') Flowering in Garden

EXTERNAL LINKS

Rosa ‘Peace’: New Zealand Rose Society

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