Rose (Rosa L.) - Botanical and Horticultural Rose Classification

The Rose Classification, from some aspects, offers a better and deeper understanding of both its own species and the relationships between the different species, varieties and hybrids of the plant. But from some other aspects it seems to help create some kind of confusion.

The series of articles below has a dual purpose: on the one hand, to present and describe the species, varieties and hybrids of roses on the basis of a taxonomic model, and on the other to dissolve the taxonomic confusion.

The editorial team of ‘Kalliergeia’ is absolutely certain that neither of them will succeed.

Rose (Rosa L.) – Botanical and Horticultural Rose Classification

Rose classification - Modern Roses - Hybrid Kordesii 'Party Hardy'
Modern Roses - Hybrid Kordesii 'Party Hardy'

Rose Classification and Classification Systems

One of the most interesting aspects of science is one that enables scientists to create new taxonomic systems for various taxonomic units on the basis of the old.

And if these new classifications completely replace the old ones, the interesting side becomes less interesting for the sake of clarity.

But when the new taxonomic schemes do not replace the older ones but coexist with them and operate in parallel, then this interesting side of science touches new peaks.

And it touches new highs as high as those of biblical Babel.

This is the case for the rose classification.

For the rose classification, various taxonomic systems have been proposed, all valid and reputable but none of them have been claimed to be accepted in common.

The result? Rose Babel of post-modern times.

Rose (Rosa L.) – Botanical and Horticultural Rose Classification

Rose classification - Modern Roses - Hybrid Musk
Modern Roses - Hybrid Musk
Rose classification - Modern Roses - Hybrid Moyesii
Modern Roses - Hybrid Moyesii

Followed Classification System for Rose

For the sake of clarity again, we have to say that from the Systematic Botany side, the taxonomic shape of the rose is solid. Where the thing is confused is with the horticultural-type sorting.

In order to prevent this horticultural type of taxonomic structure from falling and spreading, and also and again for the sake of clarity, in this series of articles referring to the classification of rose, it is stated at the outset that the taxonomic system of the American Rose Society – ARS.

Therefore, according to ARS, the genus Rosa is made up of three taxonomic units which are:

  • A. Species (or Wild Roses)
  • B. Old Garden Roses
  • C. Modern Roses

Species include roses, whose payments are only 35 to 40 million years before this year. For the rest, they are species of exceptional strength and high growth, which bloom once a year, their flowers have from 4 to 12 simple petals and their color is mainly pink or white.

Old Garden Roses include those types of rose that existed before 1867, a landmark year in its history. And that’s because Mr. Guillot from France presented the hybrid tea rose named ‘La France‘, which inaugurated that category of roses that will become more widely known as ‘Hybrid Tea’. For the history of history, ‘La France’ was the result of hybridization between the Perpetual (Hybrid Perpetual) ‘Madame Victor Verdier’ with ‘Madame Bravy’ Tea Rose.

Modern Roses include all rose types that were created after 1867.

Rose (Rosa L.) – Botanical and Horticultural Rose Classification

Rose classification - Old Garden Roses - Hybrid Multiflora
Old Garden Roses - Hybrid Multiflora
Rose classification - Old Garden Roses - Centifolia
Old Garden Roses - Centifolia
Rose classification - Rose Species - Rosa canina
Rose Species - Rosa canina
Rose classification - Rose Species - Rosa arvensis
Rose Species - Rosa arvensis

Rose Classification

A. Species

  • Kingdom Plantae (Plants)    
  • Subkingdom Tracheobiont (Vascular plants)
  • Superdivision Spermatophyta (Seed plants)
  • Division Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
  • Class Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons)
  • Subclass Rosidae
  • Order Rosales
  • Family Rosaceae (Rose family)
  • Genus Rosa L. (Rose)
  • Section
  1. Section  Banksianae
  2. Section  Bracteatae
  3. Section  Caninae
  4. Section  Carolinae
  5. Section  Chinensis
  6. Section  Gallicanae
  7. Section  Gymnocarpae
  8. Section  Laevigatae
  9. Section  Pimpinellifoliae
  10. Section  Rosa / Cinnamomeae
  11. Section  Synstylae

B. Old Garden Roses

  1. Alba
  2. Ayrshire
  3. Bourbon and Climbing Bourbon
  4. Boursalt
  5. Centifolia
  6. Damask
  7. Hybrid Bracteata
  8. Hybrid China and Climbing Hybrid China
  9. Hybrid Eglanteria
  10. Hybrid Foetida
  11. Hybrid Gallica
  12. Hybrid Multiflora
  13. Hybrid Perpetual and Climbing Hybrid Perpetual
  14. Hybrid Sempervirens
  15. Hybrid Setigera
  16. Hybrid Pim pinellifolia / Spinosissima
  17. Miscellaneous
  18. Moss and Climbing Moss
  19. Noisette
  20. Portland
  21. Tea and Climbing Tea

C. Modern Roses 

  1. Floribunda and Climbing Floribunda
  2. Grandiflora and Climbing Grandiflora
  3. Hybrid Kordesii
  4. Hybrid Moyesii
  5. Hybrid Musk
  6. Hybrid Rugosa
  7. Hybrid Tea and Climbing Hybrid Tea
  8. Hybrid Wichurana
  9. Large Flowered Climber
  10. Miniature and Climbing Miniature
  11. Mini-Flora
  12. Polyantha and Climbing Polyantha
  13. Shrub

Systematic Classification of Nick Cave & Kylie Minogue

  • Song: Where The Wild Roses Grow

  • Album: Murder Ballads

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