Reine des Violettes Rose (Old Garden Roses)

The Fragant Flower of Queen of the Violets Rose
The Fragant Flower of Queen of the Violets Rose

Reine des Violettes Rose belongs to glorious and historical Hybrid Perpetual Roses, that is, it is ranked in the Old Garden Roses.

It saw the light of this world the distant 1860 and to this day still remains a rose worthy admiration.

But it does not only admired thanks to the venerable age and constitution. It is still admired because it was one of the first roses that their color is "blueish".

And indeed its roses are mauve or mauve – purple.

The flowering of the Queen of the Violets Rose is plentiful, repeated and long-lasting.

Queen of the Violets Rose in Full Blooming at Sunny Exposure
Queen of the Violets Rose in Full Blooming at Sunny Exposure

Reine des Violettes Rose (Old Garden Roses) - General Information

The course of the creation of the ‘Reine des Violettes’ Rose variety, along with its essential features and some concise identifications, are given below.

Facts in Short

Scientific Name: Rosa ‘Reine des Violettes’

Common Names: Reine des Violettes, Queen of the Violets

Horticultural Group: Hybrid Perpetual

Plant Breeder: M. Mille-Mallet, Amiens – France 1860

Breeding & Features

The hybrid Reine des Violettes Rose comes from the Hybrid Perpetual variety of 1849, Rosa ‘Pope Pius the Ninth’. It is one of about 3000 varieties of Hybrid Perpetual, created in the 19th century.

The Queen of the Violets Rose is a medium-to-high-growth woody deciduous perennial shrub.

The dominant decorative element of the plant is the extraordinary aromatic mauve or mauve – purple roses that appear during its repeated and long-lasting flowering – flowering that begins at the end of spring and ends in October.

In terms of size, the height of the plant reaches 1.8 to 2.4 m (6-7.8 ft) while its diameter varies between 1.2 and 1.8 m (4-6 ft). It has a hemispherical shape, an upright appearance and an average density canopy, symmetrical with irregular outline.

The life span of the plant is over 25 years.

Reine des Violettes Rose (Old Garden Roses)

USES IN BRIEF

This Rose variety is suitable for:

  • Specimen
  • Mass plantings
  • Informalhedges
  • Urbanplantings
  • Pots & containers
  • Cut Flowers
Queen of the Violets Rose Planted in Half-Shade in Blooming
Queen of the Violets Rose Planted in Half-Shade in Blooming

Reine des Violettes Rose (Old Garden Roses) - Description

Reine des Violettes Rose is a shrub moderately branched with shoots that have little or no thorns. Its leaves are composite, consisting mainly of 5 leaflets, oval – ellipsoid and serrated. The tip of the leaflets ends at a acute peak while their color is glossy deep green or glaucous – green.

Roses are formed at the top of their annual shoots, 3 to 5 per stem. They are double, medium sized with a diameter of 7 to 8 cm (2.8-3.1 in). They consist of 70 to 75 petals, of velvety texture and color varying from mauve, mauve – purple to purple – red.

The intensity and exact color tint is affected by a determining factor. Who is this;

We will learn it right afterwards, after we have exaggeratedly elevated the suspense of the patient reader to the heights.

Reader's Anxiety before Reading

The suspense of the reader reaches the climax.
Woman in the orchard with lettuce
Kalliergeia
Editorial Team
The Fragant Flower of Queen of the Violets Rose
Play Video

The Exposure of Reine des Violettes Rose

Since the suspense has peaked – and the stubborn reader paradoxically remains on the ‘Kalliergeia‘ site – we can now tell him: the intensity and exact tintof the color are primarily influenced by the rose’s exposure. It means that depending on how less direct sunlight receives the Reine des Violettes Rose, so more intense and mauve the colors of the roses.

Of course, this does not mean that the plant tolerant in full shade. Instead, it is tolerant the partial shade, and partial shade means the plant’s ability to receive at least 4 hours of direct sunlight. And of course, like all the roses and Queen of the Violets Rose enjoys planting and in full sun exposure.

Finally, there is a general principle regarding the choice of plant exposure, which is that the hotter the climate, the more half-shade planting sites are preferred.

Reine des Violettes Rose (Old Garden Roses)

Queen of the Violets Rose Flowers and Buds
Queen of the Violets Rose Flowers and Buds

Reine des Violettes Rose (Old Garden Roses) - Environment of Establishment

Generally, it could be said that all Hybrid Perpetual roses are extremely tolerant to cold. The same is also true for the Reine des Violettes Rose, which can be planted in areas where the minimum temperatures are quite low, ranging from -25 to -30 °C (-13 to -22 °F – USDA Hardiness zone 4b).

In relation to the soil, the Queen of the Violets Rose is recommended to be planted in fertile and rich in organic matter loamy soils, which additionally have excellent drainage.

In terms of soil pH the appropriate range is relatively large, ranging between 5.6 and 7.8. However, it thrives in soils that have an acidic to slightly acidic reaction, ie at pH values ranging from 5.6 to 6.5.

Reine des Violettes Rose (Old Garden Roses)

RELATED POSTS

Reine des Violettes Rose (Old Garden Roses) - Care

The care of the plant includes Irrigation, Fertilization, Pruning and the necessary Plant Protection. For all of this the – as above called – patient reader will find answers by clicking on the electronic magical links:

Note

We would be delighted to repeat the same things, slightly camouflaged, but because we think it is a despicable practice – unfortunately it is often found in the online internet jungle – we will not follow it.

Both we and the reader have other and better things to do. For example, to learn about the use of the venerable Reine des Violettes Rose in modern times.

Reine des Violettes Rose (Old Garden Roses)

Reine des Violettes Rose (Old Garden Roses) - Uses

The Queen of the Violets Rose offers a lot to modern gardening and landscape architecture. And indeed it offers, because it has an extremely strong fragrance, repeated blooming and still it is vigor and robust as a plant.

Thus, it could generally be said that Reine des Violettes Rose:

  • It is cultivated for its flower, which as a cut flower can last in the vases for up to 5days
  • It is used in the garden as a plant of particular interest
  • It is used in the gardenplanting in groups of three
  • It is used in the garden in conmpanion with other plants such as Stachys byzantina (Woolly Hedgenettle), Saponaria ocymoides (Rock Soapwort) and Perovskia ‘Blue Spire’ (Russian sage)
  • It can be planted to create a harmonious color combination with other roses, such as pink color and equally fragrant Rosa Jacques Cartierand the purple color Rosa Robert le Diable
  • It can be planted as a hedge plant
  • Can be pruned appropriately to climbing
  • Finally, it is possible to plant it in large-sized pots and full-sun exposures

Sections

Queen of the Violets Rose in Full Blooming at Sunny Exposure
Queen of the Violets Rose in Full Blooming at Sunny Exposure

References

The References to this classicising article, are presented by the gentleman Angelo Debarre as well as Marius Apostol, Antonio Licusati, Constantin Lacatus and George Hassan, with the exquisite Gypsy Jazz composition Indiscrétions.

  1. Bhattacharjee, S. K., & Banerji, B. K. (2010). The Complete Book of Roses. Jaipur: Aavishkar Publishers, Distributors.
  2. Peterson, P. (2001). Roses Made Easy (Complete Gardener’s Library). National Home Gardening Club.
  3. Tenenbaum, F. (2003). Taylor’s Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

With Pomp and Circumstance

VIDEO

Angelo Debarre from Paris, together with Marius Apostol, Antonio Licusati, Constantin Lacatus and George Hassan, musically explain the inexplicably Rosa ‘Reine des Violettes’.

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