Poinsettia Care and Reflowering - Poinsettia’s Flowers and Red Leaves or Bracts
Poinsettia’s Flowers and Red Leaves or Bracts

Poinsettia Care and Reflowering

Poinsettia care and reflowering is not a difficult matter, as the plant lover knows certain things about the plant and its needs.

But if he does not know, the posting of the current article is aimed at preserving his ignorance and/or his insoluble confusion about the nature and requirements of the plant.

The entire editorial team of ‘Kalliergeia’ worked with great zeal to carry out such a project.

Whether or not the effort is successful, let the (only one remaining) reader be the judge.

One method of vegetative propagation of Poinsettia and ensuring identical plants to the parent are with the cuttings.

Poinsettias Growing From Rooted Cuttings
Poinsettia Care and Reflowering - Poinsettias Growing From Rooted Cuttings
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Culinary Connections

Turkey, the 8th Largest Living Bird
Turkey, the 8th Largest Living Bird

Poinsettia Care and Reflowering

Acquaintance with Poinsettia

Poinsettia has a variety of names: a scientific, Euphorbia pulcherrima, a scholar, Euphorbia the elegant, as well as many market and commons, including Christmas Star, Christmas Flower, Painted Leaf, Lobster Plant and Mexican Flameleaf.

Poinsettia, when it does not come from the garden center of our region, is a perennial deciduous shrub of the tropical regions of Mexico and Central America.

Because of his origins and habit, it likes high atmospheric humidity, frequent and often abundant rainfall, ample but not direct sunlight and of course the heat.

The plant produces hermaphrodite flowers but is not what gives it ornamental value. Ornamental value has its modified large leaves that protect the flowers and are called ‘bracts’.

Poinsettia Care and Reflowering

Poinsettia Care at Christmas

Having purchased one or more Poinsettias, the plant lover should take into account, along with the above-mentioned origin habits of the plant, some other factors which influence the adaptation and appearance of the Poinsettias in their new environment. The most important of these include:

  • Proper placement of plants in the right place
  • The temperature of the place
  • The watering of Poinsettia

Poinsettia Care and Reflowering

Place & Position of the Poinsettias

The place where the pots with Poinsettias will be located must meet the requirements and needs of the plants – and not the opposite – to the extent that they are to be exploited after the Christmas season. For this:

  • Poinsettias should be placed in bright light spaces
  • Exposure to drying or chilly drafts should be avoided
  • There should be no placement of plants near heat outlets – such as fireplaces or radiators
  • Placement in front of the windows should also be avoided just like not allow leaves to touch the cold glass

Poinsettia Care and Reflowering

Poinsettias Exposure Temperatures

As for the roasting of the Turkey, temperature plays a decisive role, the same consumption happens with Poinsettia. The temperature of the place where the pots will be placed is one of the fundamental factors for maintaining a lively and attractive coloration of the bract leaves and for the smooth adaptation of the plants to the new environment. Poinsettias will respond positively to the appropriate temperatures, but it is worth noting here that their range is relatively small. So, as for temperature (for Poinsettias and not for Turkey):

  • Suitable temperatures are those between 10 and 18 °C (50-65 °F)
  • Suitable daytime temperatures are those between 13 and 18 °C (55-65 °F)
  • Suitable nighttime temperatures are those between 10 and 15 °C (50-60 °F)
  • The optimum day and night temperatures range between 15 and 18 °C (60-65 °F)

Any deviation from the above higher and lower temperature values will have an impact on the shortening and/or loss of the nice color of the bract leaves.

Poinsettia Care and Reflowering

Poinsettia Care and Reflowering - New Shoots of Poinsettia Plant
Poinsettia Care and Reflowering - New Shoots of Poinsettia Plant

The Watering of Poinsettia

Poinsettia needs regular watering and in the right way. What this means in practice will be seen from the following:

  • Watering Poinsettia takes place when the soil mixture in the pot is almost dry
  • Plants are watered with abundant room temperature water and certainly not frozen or hot
  • Watering is done so that all the water drains from the pot and if there is a saucer there is no water left in it

An additional element, which is related both to the correct or incorrect watering of the plant but also to the temperatures, is that Poinsettia is susceptible to Root-rot disease. Favorable conditions for their Root-rot parasites growth are the prolonged exposure of the plant to temperatures below 15 °C (60 °F), combined with untimely and over- watering but also with poor drainage of the soil mixture.

Another element is absent-mindedness. If a plant that left without watering is wilted and the plant lover prevents it before it dries at all, he will see that it has dropped all its leaves. To recover the Poinsettia will need two watering, one immediate and one after 5 to 10 minutes from the first.

Poinsettia Care and Reflowering

The After Christmas Turkey Treatments of Poinsettia

Poinsettia, having left behind the gourmet experience of the Turkey, will complete its annual cycle in the dormant state. Entry takes place in successive phases, which start from the maturation of the flowers and end with the fall of the leaves. The plant lover should:

  • When the plant has dropped 2/3 to 1/2 leaves, gradually reduce watering until the soil mixture has completely dried
  • Then transfer the plants to a totally dark place, whose temperature is 10 °C (50 °F)
  • Make sure that the plant watery at regular intervals as long as it does not dry out the wood

Poinsettia Care and Reflowering

Transplanting & Placement of Poinsettia Outdoors

With the beginning of the spring season, the plant can be transplanted into a larger flower pot. Considering that Poinsettia thrives at pH 5.5 to 6.5, the preparation of the soil mixture consists of:

  • One part of perlite or zeolite or river sand
  • One part of sphagnum peat moss acid reaction
  • One and a half parts of good quality light acid reaction potting soil
  • One part of compost, neutral reaction

Just after transplantation, Poinsettia is pruned at 12 to 15 cm (4.7-6 in) and placed indoor in a light position with an environment temperature of between 21 and 23 °C (70-74 °F).

After the risk of frost has elapsed and the minimum nighttime temperature stabilized above 10 °C (50°F), the plant can be transported to a half-shade outdoor position.

In any case, however, the Poinsettia plant or plants should be kept away from the Turkeys.

Poinsettia Care and Reflowering

Fertilization and Pruning of Poinsettia

The fertilization of Poinsettia begins when the new growth appears and stops in mid-December. Recommended the use of a liquid fertilizer containing the basic components in a 1: 1: 1 ratio (eg 20-20-20) and at a frequency of once every 15 days.

Pruning, apart from the basic one referred to above, is related to what form of Poinsettia the plant lover wants. If he wants a short and extremely compact in appearance plant, prunes Poinsettia 1 cm above the second leaf of the new shoots.

If he wants a high plant, he either does not prune at all or prune once at the desired height – but no later than the beginning to mid-August.

Poinsettia Care and Reflowering

Poinsettia Care and Reflowering - Poinsettia, the Classic Christmas Plant
Poinsettia Care and Reflowering - Poinsettia, the Classic Christmas Plant

Reflowering of Poinsettia

For the reflowering of Poinsettia during the Christmas season, the treatments from autumn onwards include:

  • The transfer of the plant at the end of August to the beginning of September in the interior
  • The exposure of the plant at night and for 12 to 15 hours in complete darkness, on a daily basis, from 1 October to 15 December

Initially, the placement of Poinsettia is done in a bright room where the temperature is between 18 and 23 °C. During the plant’s stay in the dark the nighttime temperature should be between 15 and 16 °C while the daytime temperature is between 21 and 23 °C.

On December 16 and at 10 am the unveiling of the reflowering Poinsettia are made, with great ceremony.


The References of the highly enlightening article entitled Poinsettia Care and Reflowering are presented by Orpheas Peridis (Ορφέας Περίδης) with his song titled Ta Tragoudia mou ta Amerikanika (Τα Τραγούδια μου τα Αμερικάνικα – My American Songs).

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