Our Lady of Tinos Study of Panagiotakos & Mitsakis Front View
Our Lady of Tinos Study of Panagiotakos & Mitsakis Front View

Our Lady of Tinos Study of Panagiotakos - Mitsakis

The Our Lady of Tinos study of Panagiotakos – Mitsakis, or more precisely the study of the two architects for the build of a new Temple – where ‘new’ means the one that was to be erected somewhere, somehow, sometime in the middle of the third to the fourth decade of the 20th century on the island – along with the events that accompanied its presentation, are the main topic of the article.

Which article is the second in a series dedicated to highlighting the work of Kyriakoulis Panagiotakos but not that of Nikolaos Mitsakis, also an important modernist architect of the generation of ’30s, for whom we promise to make a special tribute.

Now on the subject, what could be said in advance, is that the management of the architectural study and the treatment of the architects by the competent committee of the Pan-Hellenic Holy Foundation of the Evaggelistria in Tinos reached the limits of a farce.

Therefore, in this article we are attempting to highlight this farce side, while at the same time expressing our full respect for the over time such competents of the Greek state as well as of the related institutions, who, together with their respective committees, they spare no effort to entertain us over time.

Our Lady of Tinos Study of Panagiotakos – Mitsakis

Our Lady of Tinos - Study of Panagiotakos & Mitsakis
Our Lady of Tinos - Study of Panagiotakos & Mitsakis

The Competition for the New Temple of Our Lady of Tinos

In 1924, the Greek State decided to call an architectural competition in order to build a new and modern Church of Panagia Evaggelistria, on the island of Tinos.

What followed is rather indicative of the typical Modern Greek obstruction, inorganization and denigration of the creators, as well as yet another tangible proof of the absence of strategic planning for the implementation of projects integrated into a wider framework for the efficiency exploitation of resources, as well as productive growth of public revenue through targeted investments – here in religious tourism.

Declaration and Performance of the Competition

In 1930 – 1931 the committee of the Pan-Hellenic Holy Foundation of the Evaggelistria in Tinos, supplicated to make the declaration.

Its highlights were:

  1. The creation of a Temple capable of hosting 6000 visitors and believers – without including the gynaeconitis
  2. The grant to scholars of the opportunity of free choice of space
  3. The grant to scholars of the opportunity of free selection of architectural style

At the same time, the jury of the competition was set up and its members were:

  1. Anastasios Orlandos, Head of Control of Ecclesiastical Works of the Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs
  2. The NTUA (National Technical University of Athens) Professor Emmanuel Kriezis
  3. The NTUA Professor Dimitris Pikionis
  4. Patroklos Karantinos as the representative of the Association of Architects

Our Lady of Tinos Study of Panagiotakos – Mitsakis

Panagiotakos, Mitsakis & Tinos Island

The collaboration of the two architects Panagiotakos and Mitsakis was not accidental. They had a friendly relationship, inspired to one degree or another by Modernism, and they also knew perfectly the island of Tinos as well as the local and traditional architecture.

Mitsakis, through the programme of the Ministry of Education for the construction of school buildings, had already carried out studies for the construction of schools on the island of Tinos.

His studies concerned the High School of the island as well as the school in Marla.

Panagiotakos, for many summers, visited and stayed on the island of Tinos, having the opportunity to deepen the local architecture and the special environment of the island.

Our Lady of Tinos Study of Panagiotakos – Mitsakis

Plan View of Our Lady of Tinos Study
Plan View of Our Lady of Tinos Study

The Our Lady of Tinos Study of Panagiotakos - Mitsakis

The proposal of Panagiotakos-Mitsakis provided for the construction of the New Church of Our Lady of Tinos a rhythm of fifth-nave basilica, with a dome shaped elongated cupola, and the placement of the church within the given for formulation space to the left of its middle, where it would dominate.

On both sides of the Church were the administrative buildings, and from the level of the base thereof, and below, on three gradient levels, the cells of visitors and pilgrims with a view to the sea.

The perspective of the scholars was crucial. It brought a refreshing aura to an ancient and old fashion rhythm, which was bound to the chariot of modernism without offending the local architecture. And this was achieved by creatively incorporating its most essential elements, such as that of building in terraces.

Of course the latter was not a concession: on the contrary, it highlighted not only the extroversion of the complex and project, but also the forms itself of the New Church of Our Lady of Tinos, which would henceforth emerge through a harmonious partnership with the other buildings.

And yet, leading the observer’s gaze "scaled" from the lowest to the highest, it might have been possible to create a sense of uplift.

Our Lady of Tinos Study of Panagiotakos – Mitsakis

Our Lady of Tinos Study of Panagiotakos & Mitsakis - Perspective View
Our Lady of Tinos Study of Panagiotakos & Mitsakis - Perspective View

The Award as a Non-Award and Reward

The jury met and decided that the study of Panagiotakos – Mitsakis was the most perfect and worthy of award. Of course not so worthy to receive the first prize – as Karantinos and Pikionis suggested – but the second, since the first one would not be given.

The pleasant was, unanimously, the jury recommended the implementation of the study, with some changes, most important of which was the original fifth-nave basilica to be done three-nave.

And since in the words award-winning architects never got up to go, not due to the second position and the corresponding price, but the offensive rating of their architectural proposal (as well as the other participants) as unworthy to receive the first award, the happy events will succeed one another, for the sake of the committee of the Foundation:

  • Which committee of the Foundation would surround the study right and left, asking for the opinion of others
  • Although the opinion of the others, Tinian (painter Nikiforos Lytrasand sculptor Antonios Sochos) and non-Tinian (architect Aristotle Zachos) would be in favour of awarding and implementing the study, neither of the two would be
  • The case would have ended in the courts, which would have vindicated Panagiotakos – Mitsakis, but their study would not be implemented, at least for the next 80 to 2000 years

Our Lady of Tinos Study of Panagiotakos – Mitsakis

Current Status of the Temple

Today, the Holy Church of Panagia Evaggelistria of Tinos is still standing on the place as a mediocre piece of architecture, reminiscent a pale imitation of colonial architecture, a valuable caricature, like Poseidon (Neptune) with his wife Amphitrite – over at the ancient Temple devoted to them was built the Church of Panagia Evaggelistria – take a grand aesthetic revenge, or even worse, the Shrine Our Lady of Vrysi, the "mutual dread" of the Catholics of Tinos, put it in a way, it’s also miraculous hand.

Our Lady of Tinos Study of Panagiotakos – Mitsakis

References

The References of the over time entertainment article entitled Our Lady of Tinos Study of Panagiotakos – Mitsakis, are presented by the Aphrodite’s Child rock band with their revealed creation The Four Horsemen.

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  1. Καρδαμίτση – Αδάμη, Μ. (2009). Η Ναοδομία στην Ελλάδα τον 20ο Αιώνα [Sacral Architecture in Greece in the 20th Century]. Αθήνα.
  2. Φεσσά-Εμμανουήλ, Ε., & Μαρμαράς, Ε. Β. (2005). Δώδεκα Έλληνες Αρχιτέκτονες του Μεσοπολέμου: 12 Greek Architects of the Interwar Period. Ηράκλειο: Πανεπιστημιακές Εκδόσεις Κρήτης.
  3. Φιλιππίδης, Δ. (1984). Νεοελληνική Αρχιτεκτονική [Modern Greek Architecture]. Αθήνα: Μέλισσα.

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