Flowering Blue Hyacinths in the Garden
Flowering Blue Hyacinths in the Garden

When, Where and How to Plant Hyacinths

How to plant hyacinths? When and where; What is the appropriate depth and what are the planting distances? These and other similar questions will be attempted to be answered in the following article – an allegory on the other, about the ineffectiveness of the relationship between a mortal and a failed athlete and professionally god.

But the tragic story of the beautiful young man of mythology, Hyacinthus, who has gone unjustly from life because of a misdirection of a disc, of the obviously very bad discus thrower god and lover Apollo, will not concern us here. Here – for the economy of the post – we will refer to the unlucky young man, taking him only as one that came to us: a simple bulb.

Hyacinth bulbs can be planted in any kind of planter or container.

Hyacinths Planted in Small Flowerpot
Hyacinths Planted in Small Flowerpot
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Hyacinths Bulbs Planting Season And Location

Hyacinths are perennial bulbous outdoor and indoor plants, however, cultivated varieties of floricultural and practical in the first case end their cycle in 2 to 4 years, while in the second they are used as annuals.

The appropriate period of planting of the bulbs for the garden, terrace or balcony starts in September and lasts until the end of November.

Hyacinths grow as well in full sun exposure as well as light shade. Indeed, a privileged area for their breeding is found under deciduous trees because their flowering takes place long before the foliage of the trees reaches its full development.

In order to achieve a particularly excellent color effect, it is advisable to plant the hyacinths in the soil:

  • In groups 5-12 bulbs of the same variety 
  • To be combined with other herbaceous and bulbous plants whose flowering coincides with that of the hyacinths – in the case of sufficient space

When, Where and How to Plant Hyacinths

When, Where and How to Plant Hyacinths - Blue Hyacinths With Pink Tulips in Blooming
When, Where and How to Plant Hyacinths - Blue Hyacinths With Pink Tulips in Blooming

Protecting Hyacinths from Freezing

Of the climatic factors, the temperature is – as for all plants – a crucial element.

However, the tolerance of Hyacinths to temperature fluctuations is remarkable. But especially in relation to low temperatures, although bulbs exhibit excellent cold resistance, they are almost supposed to be protected from freeze.

Thus, in areas where the winter temperature is often lower than -5 to -8 °C, it is recommended to cover the surface of the ground where they are planted with a layer of straw mulch or pine bark 8 to 10 cm thick.

This layer:

  • Protects bulbs from freezing
  • Adjusts the soil moisture so that it is always within a satisfactory range

With the temperature rise, this protective layer can be safely removed.

When, Where and How to Plant Hyacinths

When, Where and How to Plant Hyacinths - Layer with Bark or Straw to Protect Hyacinths from Freeze
Layer with Bark or Straw to Protect Hyacinths from Freeze - When, Where and How to Plant Hyacinths

Soil Preparation for Hyacinths Planting

The hyacinth grows much better in light, moderate fertility and with excellent drainage soils. When the type of soil is not known, an expert   way of finding it is the presence or absence of pond water.

If 5-6 hours after a heavy rain or abundant watering the soil has drained, then it is appropriate – only organic matter (compost or peat) needs to be added.

Otherwise, where the waters remain, the soil needs to be transformed, that is to say, the addition of materials that will improve its structure, making it suitable for planting the hyacinth bulbs.

The transformation is done by the addition of organic materials (compost or peat) and minerals such as perlite, vermiculite, zeolite, pumice for agricultural use and expanded clay.

On a light soil, an organic substance is added at a 2: 1 volume ratio of soil – organic substance (peat or compost).

In medium consistency soil is still added perlite, zeolite or pumice and the ratio becomes 1: 1: 1. 

If the soil to be planted the bulbs are more clayey (heavy), add peat or compost together with perlite, zeolite or pumice in a 1: 2: 1 ratio.

Prior to the incorporation of all materials into the soil, which will be treated to a depth of 40 cm, basic fertilization of the hyacinth is carried out, dispersing 80-100 g of type 10-10-10 fertilizer for each square meter.

When, Where and How to Plant Hyacinths

When, Where and How to Plant Hyacinths - Pink Hyacinths in Full Blooming
Pink Hyacinths in Full Blooming - When, Where and How to Plant Hyacinths

Preparing for Potting

Prior to planting the bulbs in flower pots, window boxes or other types of pots, their excellent drainage is ensured. This is achieved by:

  • Opening holes at the bottom of the planters
  • Adding a layer of 3-5 cm thick of hazelnut size pumice stone to the bottom

Then the composition of the soil mixture (if no commercial potting soil mix for bulbs is selected) which should, among other things, retain the necessary moisture, while allowing air circulation in the bulb and rhizosphere area. For the preparation of such soil mix properties, the following materials and the proportion to which they are involved are proposed.

Composition of Soil Mixture

The soil mixture for the planting of hyacinth’s bulbs consists of:

  • A part of high quality packaged soil for potted plants
  • A part of peat or compost
  • A part of perlite or zeolite

Immediately after preparation, the soil mixture must be watering.

When, Where and How to Plant Hyacinths

When, Where and How to Plant Hyacinths - White and Pink Hyacinths Planted in Garden
White and Pink Hyacinths Planted in Garden - When, Where and How to Plant Hyacinths

How to Plant Hyacinths in the Garden

Planting operations are carried out always by wearing gloves because the contact of naked skin with the surface of the bulb may cause an allergic reaction.

Planting can be done, as for most bulbous species, either in separate locations or in groups. In separate places a hole is opened and a hyacinth bulb is planted. In group planting the bulbs are placed in grooves or in a wider area after the soil has been shifted. Then they are covered with the soil and the ground is slightly pressed.

The hyacinths planting in the warm areas of the south is carried out at a depth of 10 to 15 cm while in the northern and cooler areas the bulbs are placed at a depth of 15 to 20 cm.

The distance from bulb to bulb ranges from 8 to 15 cm. After the planting process is completed, there is plenty of watering.

When, Where and How to Plant Hyacinths

How to Plant Hyacinths in Pots

Containers, pots or window boxes where the hyacinth bulbs will be planted, as opposed to planting in the garden, should be completely exposed to the sun.

Suitable pots for planting bulbs are those whose depth is equal to or greater than 20 cm. If many bulbs are planted together in a pot, the distance between them is recommended to be 5 to 8 cm for a better aesthetic result.

Planting is always done by wearing gloves. Initially, a quantity of soil mixture is dropped to about 1/3 of the pot. Then the bulb is placed and covered with the soil mixture up to 2-3 cm distance from the lips of the pot.

Immediately after that there is plenty of watering.

When, Where and How to Plant Hyacinths

Blue, White and Pink Hyacinths Planted in Garden
Blue, White and Pink Hyacinths Planted in Garden

References

And after the watering, the unsophisticated unsuccessful article titled When, Where and How to Plant Hyacinths is over. The References of the unsuccessful are presented by R.E.M., with their successful and always up-to-date song Shiny Happy People.

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