Growing Greek Oregano - Fresh Greek Oregano Leaves
Fresh Greek Oregano Leaves

Growing Greek Oregano - Climate and Soil for Planting of Origanum vulgare subsp. hirtum

Growing Greek oregano is of great interest. And one main reason for this is the growing demand for its products, that is to say, the above-ground parts of the plant and the essential oil, which in the case of Origanum vulgare subsp.hirtum is of excellent quality.

The above-ground parts of the plant give the condiment for the Greek cuisine (rigani) but are also used as herbs – the therapeutic uses of which will be mentioned in a future tribute. They also offer essential oil, which is used in the pharmaceutical, cosmetic and food industries.

From the prospective grower’s side, it is also interesting because the Greek oregano cultivation is low-cost, as much as planting and growth and as maintenance of the plantation.

The establishment, development and maintenance of the Greek oregano plantation is also the subject of this series of articles. With the hope of finding a few readers more, we are again proudly giving the first part to the audience.

Growing Greek Oregano – Climate and Soil for Planting

Growing Greek Oregano - Greek Oregano in Flowering
Greek Oregano in Flowering

Suitable Climate for Growing Greek Oregano

Referring to the suitable climate for growing Greek oregano (Origanum vulgare subsp. hirtum), we must take our mind first and foremost that where grows naturally. In Greece have recorded abundant populations of oregano in varied climatic environments, including areas which are at sea level and show all the typical characteristics of the Mediterranean climate type, until hilly and mountainous areas where dominant climate is temperate type.

With respect to the temperature range, Greek oregano plant withstand extremely low temperatures ranging -23 to -29 0C, and high ones ranging  from 40 to 42 0C.

However, the most suitable areas for growing Greek oregano are those where temperatures range from 4 to 33 0C, while the optimum temperature range lies between 18 and 22 0C.

Greek oregano is a plant that withstands drought, feature that can be tapped by the systematic planter in areas with low annual rainfall. But in this case it is necessary 1 to 2 irrigation during the period of the flowering of the plant.

Growing Greek Oregano – Climate and Soil for Planting

Growing Greek Oregano - Greek Oregano in Flowering Stage
Greek Oregano in Flowering Stage
Growing Greek Oregano - Greek Oregano Plant Leaves
Greek Oregano Plant Leaves
Growing Greek Oregano - Bee on Greek Oregano Flower
Bee on Greek Oregano Flowers

Suitable Soil for Growing Greek Oregano

Greek oregano grows in almost every soil type, as long as it has excellent drainage. This fact can be assessed as positive, especially when the oregano crop is to be grown on poor and infertile soils.

With regard to pH, oregano can be cultivated in slightly acidic, neutral and slightly alkaline soils, ie where the pH range is between 6 and 8.

However, for the production of high-quality dried herb and essential oil, the oregano crop should be grown in calcareous soils of semi-mountainous areas, with cool summers, while the soil pH should be between 6.5 and 7.5.

 

 

Suitable Musical Piece for Growing Greek Oregano

Petro-Loukas Chalkias – ‘Solo Pogonisio’

Bibliography

  1. Σκρουμπής Βύρων Γ. (1985). Αρωματικά φυτά και αιθέρια έλαια [Aromatic plants and essential oils]., Θεσσαλονίκη
  2. Goliaris A. H., Chatzopoulou P. S., Katsiotis S.T. (2002). Production of New Greek Oregano Clones and Analysis of Their Essential Oils. Journal of Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants, Vol. 10(1), 29-35
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