Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Gardens in An Exposed Coastal Area - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas
Gardens in An Exposed Coastal Area

With the post titled Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas, the editorial team of ‘Kalliergeia‘ also launches a complete series of completely unnecessary articles, aspiring to play the role of Guides, in relation to the use of proper plants in appropriate environments.

These nearly entirely unfinished Guides, record the basic characteristics of the plants presented and briefly describe their requirements and potential in terms of the specific sites proposed for their planting.

We wish to the (ever-unexplainably decreasing) reading audience of ‘Kalliergeia‘, to reap the benefits of the venture.

The Described Below Seaside Evergreen Shrubs

The shrubs described below could be said that are the elements of ‘structure’, the elements that fit the plant ‘skeleton’ of the seaside garden. On this ‘skeleton’ can be added the remaining plants that will compose the individual plant sets of garden or planting area. The majority of these evergreen shrubs are suitable for direct coastal exposure planting.

The Plants List

Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

The Gardens & Planting Sites in Coastal Areas

The areas next to or near the sea and the seaside gardens show some peculiarities, such that both the amateur gardener and the professional garden designer are taking or should be aware of.

Among others include:

  • The wind
  • The salt
  • The sand
  • Poor-quality irrigation

Each of these factors and all of them interact and shape the conditions prevailing in the seaside gardens, both negatively and positively. A more extensive reference to this issue will be made in a future tribute, but this can be said here: the unquestionable limitation of the plant pallet is at the same time a challenge for the creation of a seaside garden which:

  • It will meet the needs of its users
  • It will be incorporated into the landscape
  • It is an aesthetic event – a work of art

Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

The Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

On the basis of their height, the presented shrubs fall into one of the following categories:

  1. Small shrubs
  2. Medium shrubs
  3. Tall shrubs

Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Small Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas (up to 1.20 m - 4 ft)

Shrubs of this category include plants whose average height at the time of maturity does not exceed 1,20 m (4 ft).

Mediterranean Saltbush

Atriplex halimus (Mediterranean Saltbush) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas
Atriplex halimus (Mediterranean Saltbush) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Botanical Name: Atriplex halimus L.

Common Name: Mediterranean Saltbush, Sea Orache, Shrubby Orache, Silvery Orache

Basic Features

Height & Diameter: (0.5 – 1) x (0.5 – 1) m • (1.6 – 3.3) x (1.6 – 3.3) ft

Growth Rate: Slow

Minimum Temperatures: (-6.7 / -9.4) °C • (20 / 15) °F

Maximum Temperatures: 40 °C (104 °F)

Exposure: Sun

Texture: Medium

Notes

The Mediterranean Saltbush, or Sea Orache, or Shrubby Orache, despite its many names, is not a criminal element. On the contrary, it is a radically comfortable evergreen and / or semi-evergreen bush, at least in the Mediterranean, as it is of Mediterranean origin.

As a plant, it is a medium sized, with a special beauty of silver – grey ovate leathery leaves, which are also its main attractive attribute, since its flowers are from an ornamental point of view insignificant.

Significant are these:

Mediterranean Saltbush is hard as the landscapes of the Mediterranean and resistant as its people. It does not understand from heat, has little water requirements and can even be planted on the sea wave – so to speak.

To speak? Salt laden winds and saline soils have no negative effect on it.

The consequence of the above is that Mediterranean Saltbush is rightfully included in the most important for gardening and landscaping seaside plants, mainly used for the creation of a low height and very dense hedges.

Pink Rock-Rose

Cistus creticus (Pink Rock-Rose)
Cistus creticus (Pink Rock-Rose) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Botanical Name: Cistus creticus L. (syn. Cistus incanus subsp. creticus (L.) Heywood)

Common Name: Cretan Rockrose, Pink Rock-Rose, Hoary Rock-Rose

Basic Features

Height & Diameter: (1 – 1.2) x (1 – 1.2) m • (3.3 – 4) x (3.3 – 4) ft

Growth Rate: Moderate

Minimum Temperatures: (-15 / -17) °C • (5 / 1.4) °F

Maximum Temperatures: 35-40 °C (95-104 °F)

Exposure: Sun

Texture: Fine

Notes

Pink Rock-Rose, is a shrub of small size but of great value. Indeed, apart from its excellent horticultural virtues, which have made it, among other things, one of the most useful seaside plants, it is also a wonderful medicinal plant, and this is another reason for its planting in the seaside gardens.

And if for its use as a herb will be referred – as it is well-known, when the reader sees it, etc. – in a future tribute to ‘Kalliergeia’, here the uncompromising editorial group is forced to confine its record of using it as ornamental plant, in gardens by the or near to the sea.

As an ornamental plant, therefore, Pink Rock-Rose has expectorant, anti-diarrheal, antibiotic and emmenagogue properties.

As a medicinal plant, it is an evergreen bush, which belongs to phryganas, and it has a slightly greyish-green foliage with pink flowers, extremely decorative. The flowering of Pink Rock-Rose is observed in the spring, from March until May, while its flowers have a peculiar appearance, since they look crumpled.

It does not encounter any problem with salt spray, can tolerate maritime exposure and can be planted at any location in the seaside garden as long as it drains well.

Fortune's Spindle

Euonymous fortunei (Fortune's Spindle) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas
Euonymous fortunei (Fortune's Spindle) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Botanical Name: Euonymus fortunei (Turcz.) Hand.-Maz.

Common Name: Fortune’s Spindle, Spindle, Winter Creeper, Wintercreeper

Basic Features

Height & Diameter: (0.6 – 1.2) x (0.6 – 1.5) m • (2 – 4) x (2 – 5) ft

Growth Rate: Moderate to Fast

Minimum Temperatures: (-26.1 / -28.9) °C • (-15 / -20) °F

Maximum Temperatures: 36-40 °C (97-104 °F)

Exposure: Sun / Partial Shade / Shade

Texture: Medium

Notes

The Fortune’s Spindle, no one meets it often. It is not that it has disappeared, in fact, since it has become a weed in some areas, but it has been replaced by many interesting and varied versions of it, so that usually only the varieties are offered in the garden centers.

However, here we will refer to Euonymus fortunei itself and its potential to be used in coastal area plantings.

So we start with modest glory: it is irreplaceable. And we continue to say that it is an evergreen, small-sized shrub but of great potential, which has wonderful ground-covering properties, and if supported, it becomes an equally wonderful climbing plant.

Now, of course, how evergreen is the wonderful Fortune’s Spindle, depends on temperatures: the closer to its inferior endurance limits, the more often it loses its glossy green foliage, but it will reappear in full glory the following spring.

Does it blossom? The good news is, of course, that it blooms in June and July. The bad news is that its blooming flowering is of no ornamental value.

Without special requirements in terms of soil fertility and composition as well as irrigation, and with the highest tolerance to salt spray and saline soils, it is planted comfortably in groups at any position of the seaside garden. It can cover extensive surfaces, smooth or inclined, rocky or gravely, even in the first zone of the coastal front.

However, it is always necessary to take care of its enthusiasts so that it is not planted in areas where it is given or is likely to escape from the gardens.

… Ultimately, no-one’s irreplaceable.

 

Box-Leaved Honeysuckle

Lonicera pileata (Box-Leaved Honeysuckle)- Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas
Lonicera pileata (Box-Leaved Honeysuckle)- Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Botanical Name: Lonicera pileata Oliv. (syn. Lonicera ligustrina var. pileata (Oliv.) Franch., Caprifolium pileatum (Oliv.) Kuntze)

Common Name: Box-Leaved Honeysuckle, Privet Honeysuckle

Basic Features

Height & Diameter: (0.5 – 1) x (2 – 2.5) m • (1.6 – 3.3) x (6.5 – 8.2) ft

Growth Rate: Moderate to Fast

Minimum Temperatures: (-20.6 / -23.3) °C • (-5 / -10) °F

Maximum Temperatures: 32-36 °C (90-97 °F)

Exposure: Sun / Partial Shade / Shade

Texture: Fine

Notes

Box-Leaved Honeysuckle is an evergreen shrub of a natural, horizontal shape and excellent appearance.

It has a foliage consisting of very small, glossy, dark green leaves, which when severe winters prevail are lost to appear again in the coming spring.

Its flowers are tubular, small, creamy white and fragrant, appearing in May.

Its flowering lasts about 30 days, and then the fruit of the plant appears, small, decorative, dark violet in color.

Box-Leaved Honeysuckle is exploited in coastal areas because it is highly tolerant to salt spray and drought.

It is planted in groups on its own or with other shrubs, in the forefront, for the formation of shrubby areas, is installed as a ground cover plant, or used alone to create low hedges.

Although it has no problem with pruning, due to the exceptional appearance of its natural form it is recommended not to prune.

Still, Box-Leaved Honeysuckle can be planted on the slopes and gradients of seaside gardens to protect their soil from erosion.  

Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Medium Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas (up to 2.50 m - 8.2 ft)

Shrubs of this category include plants whose average height at the time of maturity does not exceed 2.50 m (8.2 ft).

Daisy Bush

Brachyglottis greyi (Daisy Bush)
Brachyglottis greyi (Daisy Bush) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Botanical Name: Brachyglottis greyi (Hook.f.) R.Nordenstam (syn. Senecio greyi Hook.f.)

Common Name: Daisy Bush

Basic Features

Height & Diameter: (1.2 – 2) x (1.8 – 2.5) m • (4 – 6.5) x (6 – 8.2) ft

Growth Rate: Slow

Minimum Temperatures: (-9.4 / -12.2) °C • (15 / 10) °F

Maximum Temperatures: 40 °C (104 °F)

Exposure: Sun  

Texture: Medium

Notes

Daisy Bush is an average growth of evergreen shrubs found in coastal rocky formations as well as in the ravines of the North Island of Atearoa – as New Zealand is known in the Maori language.

It is a very hard and durable plant, with attractive silver-colored foliage and rich flowering with similar daisies, pale yellow flowers.

The bloom of the plant follows the swimmers army, at the arithmetic maximum and minimum, since it is observed from July until mid-autumn.

Winter swimmers are not only deprived of the visual enjoyment of the flowers of the Daisy Bush, but also of the space behind the bush as it can form an excellent hedge.

Grey-Leaved Euryops

Euryops pectinatus (Grey-Leaved Euryops)
Euryops pectinatus (Grey-Leaved Euryops) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Botanical Name: Euryops pectinatus (L.) Cass.

Common Name: Grey-Leaved Euryops

Basic Features

Height & Diameter: (1.2 – 1.5) x (1.5 – 2) m • (4 – 5) x (5 – 6.5) ft

Growth Rate: Fast

Minimum Temperatures: (-3.9 / -6.7) °C • (25 / 20) °F

Maximum Temperatures: 40 °C (104 °F)

Exposure: Sun  

Texture: Medium

Notes

The Grey-Leaved Euryops, originating from the west side of South Africa, comes to give its precious color to the seaside garden.

Under ideal conditions, it blooms all year round, with fine daisies-like yellow flowers. The attractive image complements the silver-colored foliage that covers the plant every season and offers an extraordinary color background for its flowers.

The basic flowering period of Grey-Leaved Euryops is from the beginning of the spring until the beginning of the summer. And since it has been mentioned before in the beauty of its flowers, it is worth noting here that their expire is equally beautiful, which means that the grower is not obliged to run behind the plant to cut off its dead flowers.

However, if it does, and in combination with a light pruning, it will encourage more flowering and maintain a dense shape of the plant.

Grey-Leaved Euryops is planted in any sheltered from the frost garden, it does not have any soil requirements – it is enough to drain – and withstands both salt spray and drought periods of relatively short duration.

It is used as a border plant, it is suitable for mass plantings and is also suitable for installation in large pots, window-boxes or containers.

Holly Grevillea

Grevillea aquifolium (Holly Grevillea) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas
Grevillea aquifolium (Holly Grevillea) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Botanical Name: Grevillea aquifolium Lindl.

Common Name: Holly Grevillea, Prickly Grevillea, Variable Prickly Grevillea

Basic Features

Height & Diameter: (0.7 – 2) x (1 – 2) m • (2.3 – 6.5) x (3.3 – 6.5) ft

Growth Rate: Moderate

Minimum Temperatures: (-6.7 / -9.4) °C • (20 / 15) °F

Maximum Temperatures: 32-36 °C (90-97 °F)

Exposure: Sun / Partial Shade / Shade  

Texture: Medium

Notes

The Holly Grevillea, originated from the kangaroo country, is an extremely idiosyncratic evergreen representative of the plant kingdom – as well as the sophisticated marsupials, of the animal kingdom.

Appropriate, of course, for seaside planting, it has a wide variety of natural forms, since it can be as erect and as bushy prostrate

ground-cover. Also in terms of growth, there is considerable variation, since there are recorded forms of the plant with a length ranging between 4 and 10 m.

Even the interesting ornamentation and extremely extensive red blooming of Holly Grevillea does not seem to have a relatively stable range since it can range from spring to autumn between 150 and 240 days.

All of the above, are important elements for the exploitation of the plant.

Indeed, thanks to its dark green prickly toothed leaves, Holly Grevillea can be formed into a superb protective hedge of medium height, in the first or second zone of the coastal front.

Still can be planted in groups, along with different texture and flowering bushy plants, contributing to the creation of a particular aesthetic srhuby areas, or exploited as a ground cover plant, especially in purely sandy soils.

Box Honeysuckle

Lonicera nitida (Box Honeysuckle)
Lonicera nitida (Box Honeysuckle) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Botanical Name: Lonicera nitida E.H.Wilson (syn. Lonicera ligustrina var. yunnanensis Franch, Lonicera pileata f. yunnanensis (Franch.) Rehder, Chamaecerasus nitida hort.)

Common Name: Box Honeysuckle, Wilson’s honeysuckle

Basic Features

Height & Diameter: (1.2 – 2) x (1.2 – 2) m • (4 – 6.5) x (4 – 6.5) ft

Growth Rate: Fast

Minimum Temperatures: (-20.6 / -23.3) °C • (-5 / -10) °F

Maximum Temperatures: 32-36 °C (90-97 °F)

Exposure: Sun / Partial Shade  

Texture: Fine

Notes

Nepotism in the ornamental shrubs of seaside areas keeps well, since after Box-Leaved Honeysuckle a position is occupied by her cousin, the Box Honeysuckle.

Which Box Honeysuckle is an evergreen shrub of medium growth, with dense foliage and extremely interesting asymmetrical form, when it remains unpruned.

It has very small green leaves and also small creamy white flowers, which are aromatic. It grows for 45 to 60 days from May to June and produces small bluish – black berries, which they especially attract τthe birds.

Although Box Honeysuckle in its natural state, is found at high altitudes, it is planted without any problems at the low, to the level of the sea.

And because it is highly tolerant to salt spray, it is successfully planted in coastal areas, as well as in gardens adjacent to or near the sea, in groups or in rows to create an average height or low height hedge.

Still, this delightful natural informal shrub when remains unpruned, is planted in the slopes and gradients, since it has great tolerance to drought and a dense surface root system, it protects the soil from erosion – just like her adorable cousin.

Yeddo Hawthorn

Rhaphiolepis umbellata (Rhaphiolepis) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas
Rhaphiolepis umbellata (Rhaphiolepis) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Botanical Name: Rhaphiolepis umbellata (Thunb.) Makino

Common Name: Yeddo Hawthorn, Rhaphiolepis

Basic Features

Height & Diameter: (1.2 – 1.5) x (1.2 – 1.5) m • (4 – 5) x (4 – 5) ft

Growth Rate: Moderate

Minimum Temperatures: (−9.4 / −12.2) °C • (15 / 10) °F

Maximum Temperatures: 32-36 °C (90-97 °F)

Exposure: Sun / Partial Shade  

Texture: Medium

Notes

Yeddo Hawthorn is an excellent choice for planting in coastal areas of all kinds.

Originating from the Korean Peninsula and Japan, it has shown superb adaptability to a variety of climate types.

It is a evergreen shrub with a beautiful deep green foliage and strikingly fragrant white to light pink flowers that give their place to, small-sized, spherical bluish black berries.

Its flowering is long lasting since it begins in early spring, in March, and ends at the end of the summer. Its fruits, which remain in the plant until winter, are an important source of food for the the flying creature of the heavens – the birds.

Yeddo Hawthorn is utilized in coastal areas and gardens near or by the sea, since it has a high tolerance to salt spray, moderate resistance to strong winds and drought, and develops in all soil types that have excellent drainage and no alkaline pH reaction.

It can be placed in pots and containers, or planted on the soil alone or in groups together with other shrubs in the first or second series.

Additionally, if the coastal garden is not plagued by strong winds, it can be planted in the first zone of the coastal front, offering an excellent sight especial during the period of its flowering.

Coastal Rosemary

Westringia fruticosa (Coastal Rosemary) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas
Westringia fruticosa (Coastal Rosemary) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Botanical Name: Westringia fruticosa (Willd.) Druce

Common NameCoastal Rosemary, Native Rosemary

Basic Features

Height & Diameter: (1 – 2) x (2 – 4) m • (3.3 – 6.5) x (6.5- 13) ft

Growth Rate: Moderate

Minimum Temperatures: (−3.9 / −6.7) °C • (25 / 20) °F

Maximum Temperatures: 36-40 °C (97-104 °F)

Exposure: Sun  

Texture: Fine

Notes

Coastal Rosemary comes from the kangaroo country (we have rewrote it) and the disappeared Tasmanian Tiger (we have not rewritten it).

Whatever the case, it is the predominant plant of the coastal areas, one that in its natural niches grows up to the winter shorelines.

Coastal Rosemary is an evergreen shrub with glabrous dense foliage, reminiscent of the shape of the leaves and the color of the rosemary –  but without its characteristic fragrance.

Also, without ever being flooded by its pale blue flowers, which have its own pleasant fragrance, it is not deprived of them anywhere in the year, except of the very cold periods.

It has a high tolerance to salt laden winds, high temperatures and drought, and has no specific preference to soil types, provided they have excellent drainage and no acidic reaction.

Under these conditions, it is utilized in any location and zone of the coastal areas and gardens, with marvelous results – even for the sympathetic marsupials who call them by the name kangaroo.

Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Tall Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas (over 2.50 m - 8.2 ft)

Shrubs of this category include plants whose average height at the time of maturity reaches and exceeds 2.50 m (8.2 ft).

Red Bottlebrush

Callistemon citrinus (Crimson Bottlebrush)
Callistemon citrinus (Red Bottlebrush) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Botanical Name: Callistemon citrinus (Curtis) Skeels (syn. Melaleuca citrina (Curtis) Dum. Cours., Callistemon laevis Stapf)

Common NameRed Bottlebrush

Basic Features

Height & Diameter: (3-5) x (3-5) m • (9.8 – 16.4) x (9.8 – 16.4) ft

Growth Rate: Moderate

Minimum Temperatures: (-3.9 / -6.7) °C • (25 / 20) °F

Maximum Temperatures: 40 °C (104 °F)

Exposure: Sun / Partial Shade  

Texture: Fine

Notes

The Red Bottlebrush is aptly called by the English-speaking ‘bottlebrush‘. The reason is, of course, the cylindrical shape of the red flowers of the bush, which really resembles a bottle brush.

Now if anyone asks what exactly the bottle brush is and is not able to identify, the editorial team of ‘Kalliergeia‘ is willing to help him: the bottle brush is a bottle-shaped brush and vice versa.

As to the remainder, the Red Bottlebrush, represents one of the finest shrubs that are offered for planting in coastal gardens. It is of large size, relatively rapid growth and is offered to create free-form hedges on the coastal front – in the first or second zone.

In addition, it provides, not only a green-colored foliage but and a remarkable summer flowering: for about 60 to 75 days, it displays the large and fine, bottle-shaped brush of course, red flowers.

Still, if there is will, time and patience, relatively easily it can be formed into a small tree.

Natal Plum

Carissa macrocarpa (Natal Plum) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas
Carissa macrocarpa (Natal Plum) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Botanical Name: Carissa macrocarpa (Eckl.) A.DC. (syn. Carissa grandiflora (E.Mey.) A.DC.)

Common NameAmathungulu, Large Num-Num, Natal Plum, Noem-Noem

Basic Features

Height & Diameter: (3 – 9) x (3 – 9) m • (9.8 – 29.5) x (9.8 – 29.5) ft

Growth Rate: Slow

Minimum Temperatures: (-3.9 / -6.7) °C • (25 / 20) °F

Maximum Temperatures: 32-35 °C (90-95 °F)

Exposure: Sun / Partial Shade  

Texture: Medium

Notes

Natal Plum, originated in South Africa, is one of the most valuable evergreen shrubs, suitable for planting in seaside gardens.

It has attractive hues of leathery green foliage, white fragrant flowers and decorative pinkish-red fruits. Its flowering is of long duration, since it is observed from the beginning of the summer to the middle of autumn, but it is not unusual for it to flourish out of season all the year, to the extent that conditions favor it.

The fragrance of its flowers is extremely strong, very similar to that of Trachelospermum jasminoides and in the evening, it is greatly increased in intensity.

Natal Plum is planted without the slightest problem in the first zone of the coastal garden front, where if it is formed in a hedge, it can be unpaid to perform the role of the guard, as it has appreciable thorns.

Mirror Bush

Coprosma repens (Mirror Bush)
Coprosma repens (Mirror Bush) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Botanical Name: Coprosma repens A. Rich.

Common NameLooking-Glass Bush, Mirror Bush, New Zealand Laurel, Shiny Leaf, Taupata, Tree Bedstraw

Basic Features

Height & Diameter: (3-5) x (3-5) m • (9.8 – 16.4) x (9.8 – 16.4) ft

Growth Rate: Moderate

Minimum Temperatures: (-6,7 / -9) °C • (20 / 15.8) °F

Maximum Temperatures: 35-40 °C (95-105 °F)

Exposure: Sun  

Texture: Fine

Notes

The Mirror Bush is not so disgusting for the seaside gardens as the name of the genus – Coprosma – means. In fact, it is not at all smelly, and in addition it is a evergreen shrub that combines the robustness of growth with appearance-perfectness.

Indeed, with its high tolerance to salt spray, brackish soils, and strong winds, even if it shed some stench, none would be advised to avoid planting in the coastal areas.

… Except, of course, those areas in which the Mirror Bush has shown such a great deal of adaptation that it can be shelf-propagated uncontrollably, and eventually became a weed.

Thorny Olive

Elaeagnus pungens (Thorny Olive) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas
Elaeagnus pungens (Thorny Olive) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Botanical Name: Elaeagnus pungens Thunb.

Common NameSilverthorn, Spiny Oleaster, Thorny Olive

Basic Features

Height & Diameter: (3-5) x (1.5-3) m • (9.8 – 16.4) x (4.9 – 9.8) ft

Growth Rate: Very Fast

Minimum Temperatures: (-20.6 / -23.3) °C • (-5 / -10) °F

Maximum Temperatures: 40 °C (104 °F)

Exposure: Sun / Partial Shade  

Texture: Medium

Notes

At least three facts characterize Thorny Olive: its durability, the very fast growth rate, and its fragrance. That is, the aroma of its autumn flowers, which despite being almost invisibly manage to make it felt, at a distance of about 15 meters (50 ft).

This is not a small achievement for the Thorny Olives, if one thinks that they are multi-choice plants, which here, as an example, the gardenerr wants them to create a hedge.

A hedge with gray-green foliage, which if left to bear produces spring delicious red drupe fruits for birds.

… No, we have not tasted them, from the fear of the thorns of his shoots.

As to the remainder, the Thorny Olive is an evergreen shrub that is exceptionally tolerant to frost, high temperatures, sea winds and salt spray.

It adapts to any type and soil pH reaction, provided it does not waterlogged under any circumstances.

In the gardens near to and by the sea, it can be planted in any location, even in the first zone of the coastal front.

The editorial team of ‘Kalliergeia‘ recommends it unreservedly – the reader, do we have to say, to be skeptical?

Ebbing's Silverberry

Elaeagnus x ebbingei (Ebbing's Silverberry)
Elaeagnus x ebbingei (Ebbing's Silverberry) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Botanical Name: Elaeagnus x ebbingei Boom.

Common NameEbbing’s Silverberry, Elaeagnus

Basic Features

Height & Diameter: (3-5) x (3-5) m • (9.8 – 16.4) x (9.8 – 16.4) ft

Growth Rate: Fast

Minimum Temperatures: (-15 / -17.8) °C • (5 / 0) °F

Maximum Temperatures: 40 °C (104 °F)

Exposure: Sun / Partial Shade  

Texture: Medium

Notes

The Ebbing’s Silverberry, as a close relative of the previous one, shares almost the same requirements – which are few – and the same characteristics – that are many.

As a plant, it is a evergreen bush, with beautiful glaucous foliage, excellent aromatic flowers and very tasty fruits.

The fruits of those who tried them say that they strongly remind the peanuts – but the editorial team of ‘Kalliergeia‘ is a fan of authentic pistachios and not imitation.

In connection with its exploitation in the seaside gardens, it can without fear be planted in the first or second zone of the coastal front, as neither the windswept shores nor the salt spraies are shadowed it.

All that the Ebbing’s Silverberry is really afraid of is planting it in waterlogged sites.

Among the many gardening virtues of the plant, there is the possibility of planting it alone or in groups for the formation of shruby areas and tall hedges.

Ebbing’s Silverberry hedges may be informal or formal, which multiplies its value among the plants that are suitable for coastal planting.

And of course, if there is a lack of nuts, as noted above, it may well be accompanied the spirit drinks and nobody’d know the difference.

… Especially after the second bottle of whiskey.

Escallonia

Escallonia rosea (Escallonia)
Escallonia rosea (Escallonia) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Botanical Name: Escallonia rosea Griseb. (syn. Escallonia pterocladon Hook.)

Common NameEscallonia

Basic Features

Height & Diameter: (2 – 3) x (2 – 3) m • (6.5 – 9.8) x (6.5 – 9.8) ft

Growth Rate: Fast

Minimum Temperatures: (-9.4 / -12,2) °C • ( 15 / 10) °F

Maximum Temperatures: 32-36 °C (90-97 °F)

Exposure: Sun / Partial Shade  

Texture: Medium

Notes

Escallonia, in addition to an excellent bush for planting in seaside gardens, is also an excellent bee-keeping plant. Indeed, under favorable conditions it can flower for a period of 100 to 120 days, with pink flowers, from June to October, offering plenty of nectar to the bees – and plenty of pinches to the careless.

Escallonia has not only flowers, it has also attractive green foliage, and still has low soil and cultivation requirements.

Furthermore, if taking account that can be planted on its own or in groups, and that it can create a special beauty of informal hedges or even simply trained, then one can easily deduce the valuable contribution of Escallonia in general to gardening.

Now, why this evergreen shrub has not been widely spreading, it is indeed a mystery that, even as this Hercule Poirot could not – perhaps – investigate.

Red Escallonia

Escallonia rubra (Red Escallonia)
Escallonia rubra (Red Escallonia) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Botanical Name: Escallonia rubra (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.

Common NameRed Escallonia

Basic Features

Height & Diameter: (2 – 3) x (2 – 3) m • (6.5 – 9.8) x (6.5 – 9.8) ft

Growth Rate: Fast

Minimum Temperatures: (-9.4 / -12,2) °C • ( 15 / 10) °F

Maximum Temperatures: 32-36 °C (90-97 °F)

Exposure: Sun / Partial Shade  

Texture: Medium

Notes

Red Escallonia is another interesting option for planting in seaside areas. It has extremely beautiful green foliage, which is additionally aromatic, and abundant flowering lasts about 50 to 60 days, with red or slightly pinkish red flowers, from May to June.

Needless to say – but it will be said – that its flowers attract bees, just like those of her cousin, Escallonia rosea, and the butterflies honor them.

Red Escallonia does not have any problems with salt spray, but can not withstand cold winds and excess soil moisture.

As long as it has been safeguarded for the latter two, it can be easily planted in any coastal garden alone, in groups or even to create a hedge, whether it be formal or free growth.

After the flowering, a wonderful opportunity for a light pruning of the bush is offered. But caution: when we refer to the end of flowering, we mean the basic flowering period of the plant, because otherwise, if Red Escallonia finds itself in a favorable environment it can bloom sporadically almost throughout the year.

Also, it is worth mentioning that, if established well, it behaves perfectly in any prevailing dry-heat conditions, in the wider area of the seaside garden.

Evergreen Spindle

Euonymus japonicus (Evergreen Spindle)
Euonymus japonicus (Evergreen Spindle) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Botanical Name: Euonymus japonicus Thunb.

Common NameBox-leaf Euonymus, Evergreen Euonymus, Evergreen Spindle, Japanese Euonymus, Japanese Spindle, Japanese Spindle Tree

Basic Features

Height & Diameter: (3 – 4) x (1.5 – 2) m • (9.8 – 13) x (5 – 6.5) ft

Growth Rate: Moderate

Minimum Temperatures: (-20.6 / -23.3) °C • (-5 / 10) °F

Maximum Temperatures: 36-40 °C (97-104 °F)

Exposure: Sun / Partial Shade / Shade  

Texture: Medium

Notes

The Evergreen Spindle is a veteran of the gardens. A veteran who does not say to give up because they do not intend to leave him alone, and which is always ready to give solutions to those areas and places where the plant pallet really offers few choices.

Such a difficult plant palette is also that of the coastal areas. There, the Evergreen Spindle, with the dense, dark green evergreen foliage and the abundant and decorative orange-red fruits, will contribute practically and decoratively, even if it has insignificant greening white summer blooms.

If its site is guaranteed to drain, it is very likely to contribute practically and decoratively and outside the narrow boundaries of the seaside garden, a weed being, just like its cousin, Fortune’s Spindle.

To the extent that it is estimated that this will not happen, it can be planted, not in the back – as a veteran – but at the front line of the coastal garden, alone or in groups of veterans, who, if get in rows, will make an almost inaccessible green wall.

As such, there was exactly the Berlin Wall – after the Fall.

Hardy Fuchsia

Fuchsia magellanica (Hardy Fuchsia)
Fuchsia magellanica (Hardy Fuchsia) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Botanical Name: Fuchsia magellanica Lam.

Common NameEarring Flower, Hardy Fuchsia, Fuchsia, Hummingbird Fuchsia, Lady’s Eardrops

Basic Features

Height & Diameter: (2.5 – 3) x (2.5 – 3) m • (8.2 – 9.8) x (8.2 – 9.8) ft

Growth Rate: Moderate

Minimum Temperatures: (-15 / -17,8) °C • (5 / 0) °F

Maximum Temperatures: 32-36 °C (90-97 °F)

Exposure: Sun / Partial Shade / Shade  

Texture: Fine

Notes

Tough as the Clint Eastwood, in ‘Unforgiven‘, exotica beautiful like Gauguin’s Tahiti, and always unpredictable like the sea, the evergreen Hardy Fuchsia can spend its entire life almost at the edge of the seashore.

Because in the coldest hinterland, she knows that she will lose her leaves altogether close to -2 °C, and that her above-ground part near the -10 °C will disappear – big blows for a coquette like her.

Certainly next spring will be restored and even remarkably renewed, but the damage to the image will be major.

But either in the seaside garden or in the hinterland gardens, with or without its image being destroyed, Hardy Fuchsia from May until mid-autumn will not stop producing its wonderful as well as unusual flowers.

And since it will unrestrained continue to produce flowers, it also unrestrained will bear fruits, and when it finds itself in a favorable environment, it will escape from its designated planting site in the garden, and fly to the wild, like a goddamn weed.

To plant or not to plant (it)? – that is the question. To plant is the answer, but only after the gardener has received the necessary assurances from Hardy Fuchsia that it will not invade the flora of the wider region by disturbing the delicate balances.

And take care to plant it in the second or third zone of its garden, since it does not afraid the salt but only the strong wind, and in soil that drains well but retains its moisture, as well as in a place protected from the midday sun – if the seaside garden is in an area that is not famous for its cool summers.

Bay Laurel

Laurus nobilis (Bay Laurel)
Laurus nobilis (Bay Laurel) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Botanical Name: Laurus nobilis L.

Common NameBay Laurel, Bayleaf, Bay Tree, Grecian Laurel, Laurel, Sweet Bay, True Laurel

Basic Features

Height & Diameter: (8 – 18) x (5 – 8) m • (26 – 60) x (16.4 – 26) ft

Growth Rate: Moderate

Minimum Temperatures: (-9.4 / -12.2) °C • (15 / 10) °F

Maximum Temperatures: >40 °C (104 °F)

Exposure: Sun / Partial Shade / Shade  

Texture: Medium

Notes

Bay Laurel is an evergreen shrub with many properties. However, the flavouring, aromatic, as well as the pharmaceutical – among others – side of the plant unfortunately will not be examined here, but in future tributes (… beware reader).

Here (and now) reference will be made only to the ornamental aspects of Bay Laurel in relation to its utilization in gardens and seaside areas.

Impressive plant growth, has dark green foliage, whitish yellow flowers – but without decorative value – and small, spherical shape, black berry fruits.

Bay Laurel is adapted to a variety of soil types, has very high tolerance to high temperatures, dry and salt conditions, and moderate resistance to saline soils.

It is subject to any type of pruning and can be formed both in shaped shrub and tree.

In the coastal areas and gardens near or by the sea, it can be planted in the first zone of the coastal front, and formed into a pruned hedge that functions as a plant boundary and an optical barrier, or it can be left to grow freely, creating wonderful windbreaks.

Finally, the combination of other aromatic plants will create a strong olfactory footprint in the outdoors atmosphere.

Coastal Tea Tree

Leptospermum laevigatum (Coastal Tea Tree)
Leptospermum laevigatum (Coastal Tea Tree) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Botanical Name: Leptospermum laevigatum (Gaertn.) F. Muell.

Common NameAustralian Myrtle, Coastal Tea Tree, Tea Tree, Victorian Tea Tree

Basic Features

Height & Diameter: (3-5) x (3-5) m • (9.8 – 16.4) x (9.8 – 16.4) ft

Growth Rate: Moderate

Minimum Temperatures: (-3.9 / -5) °C • (25 / 23) °F

Maximum Temperatures:40 °C (104 °F)

Exposure: Sun  

Texture: Fine

Notes

Coastal Tea Tree is an evergreen shrub of high growth suitable for planting even on the shoreline, on the sandy beach.

It has glaucous foliage, beautifully small white flowers, and a flowering period of 60 to 90 days, from the end of the winter to the end of spring.

It want protects against the prolonged hot and dry winds,  protect which it has found largely in extensive areas of South Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand, South Africa and Hawaii, where it behaves like a weed.

If its non-self propagation is ensured, it can without fear be planted in coastal areas and gardens, even in environments where very few plants can survive, such as those constituted by the dunes which are formed on sandy shores of the seashore.

Pink Melaleuca

Melaleuca nesophila (Showy Honey-Myrtle) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas
Melaleuca nesophila (Showy Honey-Myrtle)- Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Botanical Name: Melaleuca nesophila F.Muell.

Common NameMindiyed, Pink Melaleuca, Showy Honey-Myrtle

Basic Features

Height & Diameter: (4 – 6) x (3.5 – 5) m • (13 – 20) x (11.4 – 16.4) ft

Growth Rate: Moderate to Fast

Minimum Temperatures: (-3.9 / −6.7) °C • (25 / 20) °F

Maximum Temperatures: 40 °C (104 °F)

Exposure: Sun / Partial Shade  

Texture: Fine

Notes

Pink Melaleuca loves the islands – as the species name means. And since the islands – usually – are surrounded by sea, it is obvious that this is another plant suitable for coastal plantings.

Pink Melaleuca is an evergreen shrub or a small asymmetric shaped tree. It has luminous green foliage and flowers that look like pompoms. Their color initially is light purple, which successively until maturation assumes various shades of pink-purple, resulting in the appearance of a very attractive polychrome.

Its flowering is long, with a duration ranging from 90 to 150 days, while the nectar of its flowers nourishes birds and bees.

If it is formed into a tree, its thick, spongy bark texture is highlighted, giving the plant another interesting decorative element.

In the coastal areas and in the gardens near or by the sea, Pink Melaleuca can be planted in the first zone of the coastal front, one that has the highest tolerance to sea winds and salt spray.

In addition, its extreme resistance to drought offers a wonderful solution to all those places where water, especially in the summer, is scarce.

Considering that it does not encounter serious problems from pests and diseases and that it can be planted in any type of non-waterlogged soil, it is easy to conclude that Pink Melaleuca is an excellent choice for coastal plantings.

Common Boobialla

Myoporum insulare (Common Boobialla) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas
Myoporum insulare (Common Boobialla) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Botanical Name: Myoporum insulare R.Br.

Common NameBlueberry Tree, Common Boobialla, Native Juniper

Basic Features

Height & Diameter: (5 – 7) x (2.5 – 3.5) m • (16.4 – 23) x (8.2 – 11.4) ft

Growth Rate: Fast

Minimum Temperatures: (-6.7 / -9.4) °C • (20 / 15) °F

Maximum Temperatures: 40 °C (104 °F)

Exposure: Sun  

Texture: Fine

Notes

The Common Boobialla is another one beautiful decorative shrub from the kangaroo country – as we have repeatedly written, so much so that the editorial team of ‘Kalliergeia‘ is tempted for a special tribute to this marsupial, who has been so mad by its pen.

What did we say? Oh, about Common Boobialla…

Returning to Common Boobialla, we must say that it is a multiform plant, since in its natural niches are found both as evergreen prostrate shrubs and as a shrub of great growth but also as a small tree height.

The Common Boobialla has glossy dark green foliage and flowers of violet white color. It blooms in the middle of summer until the beginning of autumn, from July to September.

The fruit of the plant is a violet-purple color drupes which the gastronomic braves eat them – although there is a strong reputation that they are not eatable in any way.

What remains unquestionable, however, is its high tolerance to sea winds, salt sprays and its satisfactory adaptation to saline soils.

Consequently, the Common Boobialla, which originates from the country of the kangaroos and the disappeared Tasmanian Tiger, is one of the most suitable shrubs for installation in coastal areas.

It can be planted in the first or second zone of the coastal front and exploited to create densest windbreaks, or used to create shrubhy areas placed in the last row.

Oleander

Nerium oleander (Nerium)
Nerium oleander (Nerium) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Botanical Name: Nerium oleander L.

Common NameNerium, Oleander

Basic Features

Height & Diameter: (5 – 6) x (3 – 5) m • (16.4 – 19.6) x (9.8 – 16.4) ft

Growth Rate: Fast

Minimum Temperatures: (-9.4 / -12.2) °C • (15 / 10) °F

Maximum Temperatures: >40 °C (104 °F)

Exposure: Sun  

Texture: Medium

Notes

Oleander, is one of the most widespread and recognizable plants, originating from the Mediterranean Basin.

An integral part of the imaginary invention called Mediterranean Garden, it is a evergreen shrub of great growth that relatively easily can be formed in a small tree.

The foliage of Oleander is dark green and medium density, while its flowers are pink and are abundant – literally covering the plant.

Its flowering period lasts about 90 to 120 days, starting from the beginning of summer to finish early in the autumn.

The highly tolerance of Oleander to salt spray, sea winds, drought and high temperatures make it perfectly suitable for installation in coastal gardens and seaside areas.

However, because all plant parts of Oleander are extremely toxic, it is necessary to avoid planting them in places where young children live or play.

Chatham Island Akeake

Olearia traversii (Chatham Island Akeake) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas
Olearia traversii (Chatham Island Akeake) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Botanical Name: Olearia traversiorum (F.Muell.) Hook.f. (syn. Olearia traversii (F.Muell.)Hook.f.)

Common NameChatham Island Akeake, Chatham Island Tree Daisy

Basic Features

Height & Diameter: (12 – 18) x (5 – 8) m • (40 – 60) x (16.4 – 26) ft

Growth Rate: Very Fast

Minimum Temperatures: (-9.4 / -12.2) °C • (15 / 10) °F

Maximum Temperatures: 40 °C (104 °F)

Exposure: Sun  

Texture: Medium

Notes

Chatham Island Akeake in its natural niches is medium size growing tree with a trunk whose diameter often exceeds 1 m.

In contrast, while it is cultivated as an ornamental, it is an evergreen shrub, which reaches a height of 8 to 10 m and has a canopy diameter of 3 to 5 m.

The foliage is glossy, leathery and dark green, while its flowers, which are creamy white in color, are small and appear from the late spring to the beginning of the summer.

Chatham Island Akeake is one of the most suitable plants for coastal areas and gardens near or by the sea.

It prefers medium fertility and with excellent drainage soils, while growing even in limestone.

It does not encounter any problem, with salt spray and sea winds and can form extraordinary density and strength windbreaks.

Lentisk

Pistacia lentiscus (Mastic Tree)
Pistacia lentiscus (Mastic Tree) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Botanical Name: Pistacia lentiscus L.

Common NameLentisk, Mastic, Mastic Tree

Basic Features

Height & Diameter: (1.5 – 5) x (1.5 – 3) m • (5 – 16.4) x (5 – 9.8) ft

Growth Rate: Slow

Minimum Temperatures: (-3.9 / −6.7) °C • (25 / 20) °F

Maximum Temperatures: >40 °C (104 °F)

Exposure: Sun  

Texture: Medium

Notes

Pistacia lentiscus, is none other than Mastic Tree. A Mastic Tree that is in fact a Mastic without mastic – apart from its variety of Pistacia lentiscus var. chia that produces mastic only on the Greek island of Chios – and without a tree, because its usual form is that of the shrub.

It is, therefore, an evergreen species that is indigenous to the natural scrub of the Mediterranean and at an altitude that starts from the sea level and reaches up to 700 m.

It has dense green foliage, small reddish blossoms that appear from May to June, and drupe edible fruits, initially green, then red and in mature black.

Lentisk’s contribution to the creation of seaside gardens is great, as it has a high tolerance to sea winds, salt sprays, and dry-heat conditions.

It is planted in sandy or loamy soils in the first or second zone of the coastal front, does not need special care, and its life span is over 70 years.

Kohuhu

Pittosporum tenuifolium (Kohuhu)- Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas
Pittosporum tenuifolium (Kohuhu)- Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Botanical Name: Pittosporum tenuifolium Banks & Sol. ex Gaertn. (syn. Pittosporum nigricans Hort.)

Common NameBlack Matipo, Kōhūhū, Kohukohu, Tawhiwhi

Basic Features

Height & Diameter: (4 – 10) x (2 – 5) m • (13 – 32.8) x (6.5 – 16.4) ft

Growth Rate: Fast

Minimum Temperatures: (-3.9 / −6.7) °C • (25 / 20) °F

Maximum Temperatures: 32-36 °C (90-97 °F)

Exposure: Sun / Partial Shade  

Texture: Medium

Notes

The well-known to all of us, who speak faithfully the Maori language Kohuhu plant, originates from the two major New Zealand islands.

His exotic origins, however, did not stand in any way a barrier to making a world career as an ornamental plant.

Indeed, the Kohuhu (together with its variegated types) is one of the most widespread plants in the gardening and landscape architecture of the tropical, subtropical, as well as the warmer regions of the planet’s temperate zone.

What does it owe its success?

In its dense, shiny, intensely green evergreen foliage, its almost black shoots and branches, as well as its fragrant red-violet-colored flowers that appear from May to June.

Additionally, it does not have any particular preference for the composition and texture of the soil, since it develops in every soil type that has a good drainage, and to come to our theme, it is planted without any particular problems in the coastal areas.

There, in the gardens near or by the sea, it is mainly used to create living fences  and hedges – free or pruned – but also to mass plantings alone or together with other species shrubs.

If all of the above is added to its life span, which is up to 150 years, it becomes even clearer, the secret, unfortunately not of its longevity, but of its success.

Japanese Pittosporum

Pittosporum tobira (Japanese Cheesewood)
Pittosporum tobira (Japanese Cheesewood) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Botanical Name: Pittosporum tobira (Thunb.) W.T.Aiton

Common NameAustralian Laurel, Japanese Pittosporum, Mock Orange, Japanese Cheese Wood, Japanese Cheesewood

Basic Features

Height & Diameter: (4 – 10) x (2.5 – 5) m • (13 – 32.8) x (8.2 – 16.4) ft

Growth Rate: Moderate

Minimum Temperatures: (-3.9 / −6.7) °C • (25 / 20) °F

Maximum Temperatures: 40 °C (104 °F)

Exposure: Sun / Partial Shade  

Texture: Medium

Notes

Japanese Pittosporum is one of the oldest evergreen shrubs, widely used, mainly in Mediterranean gardening – making her beloved cousin, the Kohuhu, to pops her cork of her jealousy.

Its many attractive features include nice dark green foliage, rich and extremely fragrant flowering from late spring to early summer, with white flowers and orange-red decorative fruits.

The Japanese Pittosporum grows on sandy or loamy soils that drain well. Although regular watering favors it, it is highly tolerant to drought, as well as to high temperatures.

Its planting in the coastal areas is without any particular problems, as it withstands both exposure to coastal winds and salt sprays.

It is used in groups on its own or with other shrubs, for the formation of a shrubhy area, or used in rows to create usually average height hedges.

When it is not growing as a hedge plant, it is pruned immediately after flowering, and – since it was said about pruning – it is worth noting that it is easily formed in a medium height tree, although in the United States, in California, the case of an impressive Japanese Pittosporum tree 16 m high with a trunk circumference of 3.63 m, has been recorded.

September Bush

Polygala myrtifolia (Myrtle-Leaf Milkwort) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas
Polygala myrtifolia (Myrtle-Leaf Milkwort) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Botanical Name: Polygala myrtifolia L.

Common NameMyrtle-Leaf Milkwort, September Bush, Sweet Pea Bush

Basic Features

Height & Diameter: (1.5 – 3) x (1.5 – 3) m • (5 – 9.8) x (5 – 9.8) ft

Growth Rate: Moderate

Minimum Temperatures: (-3.9 / −6.7) °C • (25 / 20) °F

Maximum Temperatures: 36 °C (90 °F)

Exposure: Sun / Partial Shade  

Texture: Medium

Notes

Originally from South Africa, September Bush is one of the most beautiful evergreen flowering shrubs, suitable for planting in coastal areas.

It has nice, usually light green, glossy foliage and abundant mauve – purple flowers that resemble those of legume plants. Its flowering period, under ideal conditions, extends all year round, but the basic flowering is observed from mid-spring to mid-autumn, lasting between 120 to 180 days.

This alone would be a sufficient reason for spreading the plant to mainland and coastal areas and gardens if it did not take care of itself by escaping from its cultivation areas and turning it into a weed.

Excluding this unfortunate initiative, there is no other reason for not planting it in the gardens close to or by the sea.

Indeed, September Bush has a highly tolerance to strong sea winds, salt sprays and long drought periods.

Additionally, it does not show any particular preference for a special soil type as long as it drains well and is not an acidic pH reaction.

In the coastal gardens, it can be utilized planted in order to create an average height and  informal hedge – not because it does not withstand the pruning, any other, but because of this impressive flowering of the plant.

It can also be planted on its own or with other shrubs, creating a very interesting visual impression scrubby areas, as well as installing itself as a plant of particular beauty, on the seaside garden or in large pots and containers.

Finally pruned, it can very easily be formed in a very low height tree, adding a rich flowering floor, to the garden.

Red Firethorn

Pyrachantha coccinea (Scarlet Firethorn)
Pyrachantha coccinea (Scarlet Firethorn) - Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Botanical Name: Pyracantha coccinea M.Roem.

Common NameFirethorn, Red Firethorn, Scarelet Firethorn

Basic Features

Height & Diameter: (3.5 – 7) x (2 – 4) m • (11.4 – 22.8) x (6.5 – 13) ft

Growth Rate: Moderate

Minimum Temperatures: (-26.1 / -28.9) °C • (-15 / -20) °F

Maximum Temperatures: 40 °C (104 °F)

Exposure: Sun / Partial Shade  

Texture: Fine

Notes

Red Firethorn is a great option for creating a protective hedge in the gardens of the seaside areas, thanks to the very effective, for those who have felt it, its thorns.

Of great ornamental value, Red Firethorn is evergreen shrub with dark green foliage, beautiful white flowers and exquisite decorative fruits.

Flowering of the plant occurs at the end of spring and lasts 20 to 30 days. Its fruits, orange-red, remain in the plant from autumn to winter.

Red Firethorn has minimal soil composition requirements, has a satisfactory drought resistance, and is moderately tolerant to salt spray, so it is recommended to plant it in the second zone of the coastal front.

Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

Threat or Statement

This is not a threat but a statement: the editorial team of ‘Kalliergeia‘ intends to update and supplement the Guide, if not eternally, at least until it has a decent number of seaside plants.

For this reason, it appeals to the (ever-unexplainably decreasing) reading audience to be in a state of excitement. And by the way, let us know exactly where is in geography this state.

Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

References

The References of this extra-large article, entitled ‘Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas’ presents the great voice of Nena Venetsanou with the Greek traditional song ‘In the Aegean Islands’.

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Nena Venetsanou - In the Aegean islands
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  1. Bickerton, J., & Clarke, G. (2009). Coastal Gardening. Guild of Master Craftsman Publications.
  2. Dirr, M. (2002). Dirr’s Trees and Shrubs for Warm Climates: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. Timber Press.
  3. Dirr, M. A. (2016). Dirr’s Encyclopedia of Trees and Shrubs.Timber Press.
  4. Konya, A. (2013). Design Primer for Hot Climates. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier.
  5. Perry, B., & Perry, R. C. (2010). Landscape Plants for California Gardens: An Illustrated Reference of Plants for California Landscapes. Land Design Pub.
  6. Read, I. G., & Mann, S. (1994). The Bush: A Guide to the Vegetated Landscapes of Australia.UNSW Press.
  7. Τσαλικίδης, Ι. (1994). Καλλωπιστικά Φυτά για Ελληνικούς Κήπους [Ornamental Plants for Greek Gardens]. Επίκεντρο.

Evergreen Shrubs for Coastal Areas

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