Black Baccara Hybrid Tea Rose - The Black Roses
Black Baccara Hybrid Tea Rose belong to Hybrid Tea Roses (what a surprise!). Apart from its honorable ranking in the large family of hybrid roses, it still has a great privilege: thanks to the deep dark red color of its flower, it is called black rose, since its flower sometimes approaches almost the "elusive", absolutely black coloring rose.
While it was initially developed to meet the needs of florist trades, its cultivation soon spread to the gardens by the ‘anxious’ friends of this odd kind of flower-lovers, attracted and fascinated by the extremely dark colors of the flowers of various herbaceous but also shrub plants.
Was there a chance that the Black Baccara rose escape?
Although initially intended for cut fower, Black Baccara did not slow to spread as an ornamental garden plant, with excellent results.
Black Baccara Hybrid Tea Rose - General Information
The course of the creation of the Black Baccara Rose variety, along with its essential features and some concise identifications, are given below.
Scientific Name: Rosa ‘Black Baccara’
Synonyms: Rosa ‘Meidebenne’
Common Names: Black Baccara Rose, Black Rose Bush
Horticultural Group: Hybrid Tea Roses
Plant Breeder: Jacques Mouchotte, France (before 2000) – Meilland International
The Black Baccara Rose, which is the result of crossing Rosa ‘Celica’ x Rosa ‘Fuego Negro’, is a woody deciduous, medium-sized, perennial shrub.
The dominant decorative element of the plant is the dark red-burgundy rose flowers that appear during its repeated and long-lasting flowering – flowering that begins at the end of spring and ends in October.
In terms of size, the height of the plant reaches 1.7 to 1.9 m (5.5-6.2 ft) while its diameter varies between 0.5 and 0.7 m (1.6-2.2 ft). It has a hemispherical shape, an upright appearance and a dense and symmetrical canopy with rather irregular perimeter. It is characterized as a rough texture, while the dense foliage gives to the Black Baccara rose a compact appearance.
Its life span is over 25 years.
Black Baccara Hybrid Tea Rose – The Black Roses
This Rose variety is suitable for:
- Mass plantings
- Pots & containers
- Cut Flowers
Black Baccara Hybrid Tea Rose - Description
Black Baccara Hybrid Tea Rose is a multi-brunched shrub with thorny stems. Its glossy leaves are composite, consisting of 5 to 7 leaflets, oval and serrated, whith nice dark green color.
Roses are formed at the edge of their annual shoots, about 3 to 5 per stem. It is numerous, medium in size with a diameter of 10 to 12 cm (4- 4.8 in). They consist of 30 to 45 petals, velvety texture and extremely dark deep red to dark red burgundy color.
How deeply dark is the color – hence how intensely ‘black’ it is – depends on two factors:
- From the stage of development of the rose
- From the temperatures of the area where it is planted
These two factors generally affect the formation of color in ‘black’ roses. So when the flower in the Black Baccara Hybrid Tea Rose is at the bud stage but and shortly after, the very dark tones prevail, giving to the observer the feeling of black color.
The same, but to a lesser degree and regardless of the stage of development, occurs when the Black Baccara Hybrid Tea Rose is planted in low-temperature areas.
How low they may be, we’ll see it right afterwards – after taking a brief break for reflection and a cigarette.
In the meantime – and not to forget it: the reader may have read that Black Baccara roses have a light scent.
The truth is that the roses of this black Hybrid Tea rose have neither a light nor a mild perfume: in fact they completely deprive of the perfume, to great sorrow for all amateur and professional alchemists.
Black Baccara Hybrid Tea Rose – The Black Roses
Black Baccara Hybrid Tea Rose - Environment of Establishment
After the short break, we return renewed to the issue of temperatures. And we start by saying that in general the Hybrid Tea Roses do not withstand planting in areas with particularly low temperatures.
But besides this, and especially for Black Baccara roses, it is still to be said that they are extremely vulnerable to late frosts of spring.
Therefore, suitable areas for the planting of Black Baccara rose are those in which no frosts are observed in spring, while in the case of temperature the minimum must be between -12 and -15 °C (5-10 °F).
Since Black Baccara Hybrid Tea Rose planting in areas where temperatures are generally low – and winter temperatures are particularly close to minimum safety limits – then the darker tones of the roses are the highest possible. This fact causes the flower observer to take the color of the roses as black. And thanks to this recruitment, the reputation of Black Baccara rose Increased.
In relation to the soil, Black Baccara Hybrid Tea Rose is recommended to be planted in fertile and rich in organic matter loamy soils, which additionally have excellent drainage.
In terms of soil pH, the appropriate range is remarkably large, ranging from 4.5 to 8.0 – although the closer it is to the extreme values, the higher the risk of nutrients deficiency.
In relation to the exposure, there is nothing more inaccurate than the recommendation for planting Black Baccara in half-shade positions. Black Baccara Hybrid Tea Rose grows well only in full sunshine. This means that it has to receive the sunlight directly for at least 6 to 8 hours a day. Any other option undermines its successful cultivation.
Black Baccara Hybrid Tea Rose - Care
To be able to give maximum yields and to be healthy, Black Baccara Rose also needs some care, such as proper and timely irrigation and fertilization, proper pruning and proper plant protection.
All of these are discussed below.
The plant has moderate to increased requirements for irrigation. Watering takes place when the soil at 1 cm (0.4 in) depth has dried. Generally, for the irrigation of the Black Baccara rose, it could be said that 1 to 2 irrigations per week, especially during the summer, fully meet the needs of the plant in water.
For fertilization, the administration of 10-10-10 fertilizer at the beginning of spring, and in an amount corresponding to the age of the plant, helps to meet its increased nitrogen needs (N) at the start of new growing. Also during the same period, the addition of iron chelate to the soil is beneficial.
Then and every 20 to 25 days, it is recommended to administer a fertilizer of the formula 6-4-10 + 2 MgO. The amount is corresponding again to the age of the plant and administration is made until mid-autumn.
Still, it has to be said that it is for the benefit of the plant, the foliar spraying, in the middle of spring, of trace elements.
In the winter, the addition of an organic substance, either in the form of manure or compost, contributes to the protection of roots from low temperatures and, on the other hand, adds to the soil the humic and fulvic acids necessary for its good condition.
At this point, an explanation is necessary: the addition of an organic substance in no way meets the nutritional needs of the plant. The nutritional needs of the plant are covered only by consistent and systematic fertilization, as has been said before.
Rose pruning in general is a must-have job that contributes, among other things, to increased rose flowers. It takes place at various times of the year with a variety of techniques, mainly related to the shape and type of the rose plants and their age.
However, of all the pruning that can be done in the roses and regardless of the techniques, the winter pruning is most important – which certainly applies to the Black Baccara Hybrid Tea Rose.
The good news is that for this type of Black Baccara rose pruning, the reader can press the magic word here and move with the digital web flying carpet in the article on ‘Kalliergeia’ related to the winter pruning of the rose – which aspires to report on this.
The bad news is that for the other pruning has to return to this article.
An article that aims to make him wiser by telling him that other pruning for Black Baccara Hybrid Tea Rose is not at all necessary.
All that is needed is the removal of mature and withered roses, as well as some particularly lively – grain – shoots of the plant. And of course the removal of all dead or diseased branches.
Black Baccara Hybrid Tea Rose is honored by the ‘usual suspects’ who generally attack the roses.
So, with regard to the pests, the irritating persistent Aphids and the Glasshouse red spider mite, Caterpillars and Leafhoppers tend to attack the plant. Unfortunately for them, the use of suitable insecticides and acaricides satisfactorily controls their parasitic populations.
Of the diseases mentioned the Rose black spot (Diplocarpon rosae) the Downy mildew (Peronospora sparsa), Rose rust (Phragmidium mucronatum) and Powdery mildew (Sphaerotheca pannosa var. Rosae).
By using the appropriate fungicides, these diseases are effectively controlled.
Black Baccara Hybrid Tea Rose – The Black Roses
Black Baccara Hybrid Tea Rose - Use
As stated at the beginning of this article, Black Baccara’s main goal was to meet the needs for producing a very dark ‘black’ rose flower color. But soon Black Baccara Hybrid Tea Rose passed to the gardens, making it another choice for planting roses of the Hybrid Tea type, and one of the few choices – and not just for roses – to enjoy the ‘black’ color in flowers.
It could generally be said that Black Baccara Hybrid Tea Rose:
- It is cultivated for its flower, which as a cut flower can last in the vases for up to 10 days
- It is used in the garden as a plant of particular interest
- It is used in the garden in conmpanion with other plants such as Clematis vitalba (Old Man’s Beard or Traveller’s Joy), Salvia nemorosa (Woodland Sage or Balkan Clary), Berberis thunbergii f. atropurpurea ‘Atropurpurea Nana’ (Japanese barberry ‘Atropurpurea Nana’), Festuca glauca (Blue Fescue) and Cupressus arizonica ‘Glauca’ (Arizona Cypress)
- It can be planted as a hedge plant
- Can be pruned appropriately to a small tree
- Finally, it is possible to plant it in large-sized pots and full-sun exposures
The References of the dark article titled Black Baccara Hybrid Tea Rose – The Black Roses, are presented by the amazing Oumou Sangaré from Mali, the so-called ‘The Songbird of Wassoulou’, with the song Djoukourou.
- Bhattacharjee, S. K., & Banerji, B. K. (2010). The Complete Book of Roses. Jaipur: Aavishkar Publishers, Distributors.
- Meilland, A., & Lambert, G. (1984). Meilland, a Life in Roses. Carbondale, IL: SIU Press.
- Pryke, P. (2017). Floristry Now: Flower Design and Inspiration. Jacqui Small LLP.
- Rosa ‘Black Baccara’: The National Gardening Association – Plants Database
With Pomp and Circumstance
Black Rose and Black Africa: The excellent Ms. Oumou Sangaré, in dance and song.
The use of the material, where third-party rights are not mentioned or implied (such as photos or audiovisual files – with the exception of those belonging to "Kalliergeia"), is absolutely free. Its sharing, possibly, useful.