Aloe vera propagation - Aloe Vera at Harvest
Aloe Vera at Harvest

Aloe Vera Cultivation - 4. Aloe Vera Propagation Methods 

Following a plethora of appeals from the four (4) consistent readers of the Aloe vera tribute, the editorial team of ‘Kalliergeia’ presents with great pride the 4th part of the series with the cute title ‘Aloe Vera Propagation Methods’.

And the propagation of Aloe vera can contribute to the reproduction of Aloe plants, but the above-mentioned editorial team can not hide its reservations about how much it contributes to increasing readership.

Aloe Vera Cultivation – 4. Aloe Vera Propagation Methods 

Aloe vera - Large-scale plantation of Aloe Vera with Blooming Plants
Large-scale plantation of Aloe Vera with Blooming Plants

How Propagate Aloe Vera Plants

There are two types of Aloe vera propagation, sexual and vegetative.

The sexual propagation of Aloe vera is – in a strange way, like in all plants – with seeds.

The seeds are obtained from Aloe plants at least four years old.

Vegetative propagation of Aloe vera is carried out either by pups obtained from the plants themselves or by the micropropagation method. The use of vegetative propagation
technique with cuttings is not productive and is therefore not used.

Μicroprogation is the most common for the production and faithful reproduction of Aloe vera plant varieties on a commercial scale.

Aloe Vera Cultivation – 4. Aloe Vera Propagation Methods 

Aloe vera - Aloe Vera Plants with Flowers
Aloe Vera Plants with Flowers
Aloe vera propagation - Aloe Vera Plant Pups
Aloe Vera Plant Pups

Aloe Vera Propagation by Seed

Because Aloe vera flowers are self-incompatibility, ie the inability of pollen to fertilize the flowers of the same plant and of the same variety, cross pollination is the main way of sexual reproduction.

The phenomenon itself is extremely interesting for the genetic improvement of cultivated varieties, but for Aloe vera propagation of the particular cultivated variety, is of little value, because the resulting population is characterized by a high heterogeneity.

For the sexual reproduction of Aloe vera, seed collection is made from mature plants. The harvested seed, after being extracted from the dried pod, must be brown in color. Any other coloring of the seed leads to its rejection.

Collected Aloe seeds are planted in the same year. Their planting takes place in seed trays and grows within two to four weeks. The germination rate of seeds in seedlings may reach 25%.

When seedlings acquire at least four actual leaves, they are transplanted into pots. The appropriate soil mixture for the growth of Aloe Vera seedlings is what consists of 4 parts of pumice stone, 4 parts of compost, and 2 parts of rough river sand.

Aloe vera plants produced from seeds when planted on the soil need 4 years to produce leaves for harvest while the plantation created from these seedlings has a life span of about 12 years.

Aloe Vera Cultivation – 4. Aloe Vera Propagation Methods 

Aloe vera propagation - Aloe Vera Plants in Experimental Farm
Aloe Vera Plants in Experimental Farm
Aloe Vera Micropropagation

As has been said above, the vegetative reproduction of Aloe vera is done either with the pups that grow on the basis of the parent plants or with the micropropagation.

Micropropagation, because it requires special skills and knowledge, specialized equipment and an appropriate space, will only concern us in a future tribute.

What we can quote is that in vitro propagation can be pursued through axillary bud stimulation and through de novo in vitro organogenesis.

It is noteworthy that from a single bud type meristom can produce up to 5000 plants within a period of 5 to 6 months.

Aloe Vera Cultivation – 4. Aloe Vera Propagation Methods 

Aloe vera propagation - Aloe Vera Pups Ready for Planting
Aloe Vera Pups Ready for Planting
Aloe vera propagation - Aloe Vera Pups with Developed Roots
Aloe Vera Pups with Developed Roots
Aloe vera propagation - Young Aloe Vera Plants
Young Aloe Vera Plants

Aloe Vera Propagation by Pups

In Aloe plantations, lateral shoots are formed in each growing season from every plant. Each plant usually develops 3 to 4, which in any case must be removed so that the leaves production be of high quality.

However, at the same time, farmer has the opportunity to increase the size of the plantation thanks to the removable pups. So within a year, an aloe plantation can grow 3 to 4 times per hectare.

Now regarding how the Aloe vera propagation is made by pups, the process is relatively simple. Once the leaves have a length of 15-20 cm, they are carefully removed with as many roots as possible.

Then planted in pots in the nursery with the same soil mixture used in seedlings. At one year’s end, the plants are ready for transplanting into the field, after they remain in shady space for 5 to 10 days and with minimal water supply.

This treatment results in their faster adaptation as well as the faster increase of their root system, which leads to the minimization of the losses of the plant material.

And we believe that it is also the view of the members of the “Terakaft” artistic African ensemble.

  1. Cristiano G, Murillo-Amador B and De Lucia B (2016) Propagation Techniques and Agronomic Requirements for the Cultivation of Barbados Aloe (Aloe vera (L.) Burm. F.) — A Review. Front. Plant Sci. 7: 1410.
  2. Duke J., (1987), Handbook of medical Herbs, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL., pp: 682.
  3. Hashem Abadi D, & Kaviani B. (2010). In vitro proliferation of an important medicinal plant Aloe- A method for rapid production. Australian Journal of Crop Science , 4(4), 216-222.
  4. Smith, G. F., and Van Wyk, B. (2009). Aloes in Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Nature Press.
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