Aloe vera - Blooming Aloe Vera Plants photographed by Lucianalopezrec.
Blooming Aloe Vera Plants photographed by Lucianalopezrec.

Aloe Vera Cultivation - 2. Climate

The Aloe vera plant and its cultivation have been linked to the tropics. The tropics of the warm atmosphere, the warm people, the magnificent beaches, the spicy food and the astronomical prices. But is that the case?

Somehow yes. To travel, for example, to Indonesia, you have to pay a fair amount, and your stay there will cost you a whole fortune. But because the article that follows is not purely of a travel nature, it has been considered advisable to make a small, minimal reference to the Aloe vera climate requirements in order for the destination to be chosen to meet the needs of everyone.

Aloe Vera Cultivation – 2. Plant Climate

Aloe vera - Developed Aloe Vera Plant
Aloe Vera Big Plant

Climate Parameters and Meteorological Data

In order to cultivate Aloe vera systematically, the temperature, humidity, wind, atmospheric precipitation and lighting conditions must be such that they can produce a quality product with satisfactory yields per hectare.

This fact requires the in-depth knowledge of all the climatic factors that favor its development but also and the specific climatic characteristics of the particular area in which Aloe is intended to be planted.

With regard to the climate in general and the microclimate in particular, research on the meteorological data of the area where a new Aloe vera plantation is being sought will be a valuable advisor.

But also valuable can be the collection of information from local growers, in case that the interested person to make the plantation does not have direct knowledge and experience of the farm area microclimate.

Aloe Vera Cultivation – 2. Plant Climate

Aloe vera - Aloe Vera plants with Expanded Blossom Stalk & Flowers
Aloe plants with Expanded Blossom Stalk & Flowers

Effect of Rainfall on Aloe Plants

The Aloe species are often thought to grow only in warm and dry climates. In fact, however, Aloe vera and many other Aloe species can grow and grow in a variety of climatic environments. These include both desert and alpine sites.

However, a suitable climate for Aloe to become efficient crops is that of tropical and subtropical regions. Its development is especially favored in a warm and humid environment with medium to high annual rainfall.

In relation to rainfall, a minimum annual rainfall of 500 mm helps cultivation, and annual rainfall ranging from 1,000 to 1,200 mm is considered to be extremely satisfactory, much more if it is spread over the greater part of the vegetation period of the plant. In subtropical areas, winter rains are of little value, because the plant passes the lethargic period.

Aloe Vera Cultivation – 2. Plant Climate

Aloe vera - Large-scale plantation of Aloe Vera with Blooming Plants
Large-scale plantation of Aloe with Blooming Plants

Effect of Temperature on Aloe Vera

Although Aloe vera tolerates low temperatures ranging from -7 to -12 °C (USDA Hardiness zone 8-11), it is not recommended to plant as a systematic crop in areas where the minimum temperature falls below 0 °C.

In developed plantations, temperatures of -2 to -3 °C do little damage to plants, but in any case and to protect the crop from frost, it is imperative to install a protective system.

With high temperatures Aloe vera does not has problem, but there is a slowdown in its growth.

For Aloe plant, temperatures ranging from 8.3 to 30.5 °C are ideal and the optimum temperature range is between 20 and 25 °C. However, areas where there is a significant temperature difference between day and night should be avoided for Aloe vera plantations

Aloe Vera Cultivation – 2. Plant Climate

Aloe vera - Aloe Vera plantation on the slopes of the Hill
Aloe plantation on the slopes of the Hill
Aloe vera cultivation - Aloe Vera plants in Outdoor Cultivation
Aloe Vera plants in Outdoor Cultivation
Aloe vera - Aloe Vera Plants with Flowers
Aloe Plants with Flowers

Effect of Other Meteorological Factors on Aloe Vera Plantations

In addition to frost areas, it should also be avoided to plant Aloe vera in areas where snowfall is frequent as well as in windy ones.

While the presence of moderate-intensity local winds benefits plants, strong winds break Aloe vera leaves and, beyond direct economic damage, expose the plant to the risk of pathogens.

In relation to exposure, Aloe vera is characterized as a photophilic plant but can tolerate partial shade. However, in both partial shade and prolonged exposure to sunshine, the plant product is of inferior quality.

Instead, research has shown that when Aloe is exposed to diffuse rather than direct sunlight, combined with weekly irrigation with good water quality, it has the greatest growth and improvement in some of its quality characteristics.

The same is true of its exposure to the song ‘Ran Kan Kan‘ by Mr Tito Puente.

  1. Karkala Manvitha, Bhushan Bidya, Aloe vera: a wonder plant its history, cultivation and medicinal uses. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 2014, 2 (5): 85-88
  2. Reynolds, T. 2004. Aloes: The Genus Aloe. Reynolds, T. (ed). CRC Press. Boca Raton, Florida, USA. pp. 39-74.
  3. Samuelsson G., 2004. Φαρμακευτικά Προϊόντα Φυτικής Προέλευσης, [Drugs of Natural Origin. A Textbook of Pharmacognosy], Πανεπιστημιακές Εκδόσεις Κρήτης.
  4. Kawther M. Tawfik, Soad A. Sheteawi, & Zeinab A. El-Gawad. (2001). Growth and aloin production of Aloe vera and Aloe eru under different ecological conditions. Egyptian Journal of Biology, 3, pp 149-159.
Raja Ampat Islands, West-Papua
Raja Ampat Islands, West-Papua
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