Abutilon Growing - Yellow Flower of Indian Mallow Variety
Yellow Flower of Indian Mallow

Abutilon Growing and Care

The Abutilon growing in the garden and in pots together with its elementary care is the main subject of the article that follows.

The editorial team of ‘Kalliergeia’ made special efforts to avoid ambiguities and dark spots in the development of the subject.

If, despite the effort, there are the reader is asked to point out and report them.

If, despite the effort, there is a reader.

Abutilon hybridum 'Voodoo'

Abutilon Growing and Care 

Abutilon Growing - Indian Mallow Varieties - Abutilon hybridum
Indian Mallow Varieties - Abutilon hybridum

Information on Indoor Abutilon Growing

Abutilon forms a large group of plant species, many of which are used as ornamental plants indoors and outdoors.

Indoor plants are mainly planted with the species and varieties of Abutilon originating from Brazil. A characteristic of these species is their lack of resistance to temperatures below 0 °C (32 °F).

For these species the minimum low temperature for their uninterrupted growth varies from 10 to 12 °C (50 to 53.6 °F), which allows them to overcome the winter season without problems. If the temperature is above 15 °C (59 °F), they can be blooming throughout the year.

Abutilon Growing and Care 

Abutilon Growing - Indian Mallow Variety Abutilon hybridum 'Savitzii'
Indian Mallow Variety Abutilon hybridum 'Savitzii'

Information on Abutilon Growing in the Garden

Another large group of species and varieties of Abutilon can be planted in the garden and generally outdoors in areas where the winters are relatively mild.

These are Abutilon plants mainly from Chile, as well as plants that are the result of hybridization and withstand low temperatures up to -7 °C without damage beyond the fall of their leaves.

This category includes, among others, the Aboutilon pictum (Abutilon striatum) and Abutilon × hybridum, as well as their numerous varieties.

In addition to their durability, they have exceptionally beautiful flowers in white, pink, red, orange and yellow and long flowering season, some of which have variegated leaves of particular ornamental value such as the famous Abutilon × milleri ‘Thompsonii’ and Abutilon × milleri ‘Variegatum’.

Abutilon Growing and Care 

Abutilon Growing - Indian Mallow Variety Abutilon hybridum 'Kathy Bells'
Indian Mallow Variety Abutilon hybridum 'Kathy Bells'
Abutilon Growing - Indian Mallow Variety Abutilon pictum Orange
Indian Mallow Variety Abutilon pictum Orange

Indoor Abutilon Growing, Transplanting and Care

Abutilon growing, transplanting and placing it indoors is a relatively easy matter.

For transplanting, pots and containers must have holes in the bottom as well as a layer of pumice stone or gravel about 3 cm to drain excess water.

The soil substrate must be permeable and fertile. For this purpose a good soil mixture consisting of perlite, compost and good quality on peat based soil is used in a ratio of 1: 1: 1.

Before starting the process of transplanting Abutilon and then, recommending watering the plant with plenty of water.

After the transplanting of Abutilon has been completed, the pot can be placed in a room which must be bright and with a minimum temperature of 10 to 12 °C (50 to 53.6 °F). It is advisable to avoid direct exposure to sunlight, especially at noon.

Under these circumstances and the existing Abutilon plants must be exposed.

In relation to watering, the blooming period occurs whenever the surface of the soil mixture is dry and in the winter the watering is limited to about once a month, and also it is recommended once every 7 to 10 days to spray Abutilon leaves with water.

Finally, for the fertilization of Abutilon, it is proposed to apply a complete liquid fertilizer such as 20-20-20, once a week, at a dose of one teaspoon in 3 to 4 lt water (1 gallon). Abutilon’s fertilization starts in the spring and continues until the beginning of mid-autumn to stop completely during the winter.

Abutilon Growing and Care 

Abutilon Growing - Indian Mallow Variety Abutilon pictum Red
Indian Mallow Variety Abutilon pictum Red
Abutilon Growing - Indian Mallow Variety Abutilon pictum Yellow
Indian Mallow Variety Abutilon pictum Yellow
Planting and Care of Abutilon in the Garden

In general, what has been said about the indoor Abutilon also applies to Abutilon in the garden.

The soil in which it is to be planted must be fertile, medium type and with very good drainage.

Watering must be done just like the indoor potting plants, and the same applies to the fertilization of Abutilon, which must be done in the same way and frequency.

A slight variation exists with the choice of the position where the planting of Abutilon will be made in relation to sun exposure. Indeed, Abutilon in the garden can also be planted in places of full sun exposure. In fact, the more northern and relatively cold the area in which it is to be planted, the more direct the exposure of the plant to the sunlight.

In relation to the planting of Abutilon, the process begins with the opening of a hole depth and a diameter of twice the respective size of the pot. Then the hole is left open for a few days in order to ‘disinfect‘ the soil.

Then it is added and mixed in the existing soil, perlite, compost and good quality peat in a ratio of 1: 1: 1: 1. Then the planting of Abutilon is carried out, ensuring that the upper surface of the plant root system is placed in the same plane as ground. 

Finally there is plenty of watering.

And after watering what?

Nothing but a perfect day: Lou Reed at ‘Perfect Day’.

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